Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Technology

USA NEWS CORP





Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh mark the start of new Era in Proteomics with International Proteomics Research Award-2014


13 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon Foundation salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon Foundation salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon Foundation salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon Foundation salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon Foundation salivary total proteins, cleft lip and palate (CLP), mixed dentition, saliva The Journal for Dentistry Photon Journal  Photon FoundationRahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh, given the rock star fame in Proteomics, as declared among World’s 500 Most Influential Proteomist for Year 2015 on Earth. In a worldwide meritorious competition, Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh grabbed the world prestigious International Proteomics Research Award-2014. Representing the great legacy of India, Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh established the matter of proud to civilians of India. International Media is now seriously looking towards India, since Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh made a remarkable historical achievement. Proteomist are ensured that under the leadership of Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh, millions of emerging intellectuals would be benefited and inspired around the world.

Dr. Rahul R Deshpande is Professor at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Samrat Sabhlok is Reader at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Dr. Vishwas Patil is Professor at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Shreya Dasgupta is Intern at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Kumar Ankit is Intern at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Shubham Singh is Intern at Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won International Proteomics Research Award-2014. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' The Journal for Dentistry '. In their report on Comparative Evaluation of Salivary Total Protein Levels in Patients with Cleft Lippalate to Healthy Children in Mixed Dentition Age Group they mention that Cleft lip and palate is a common developmental defect which disfigures the happy smile of a new born. The commonly used laboratory diagnostic procedure involves the analysis of cellular and chemical constituents of blood, which is an invasive. This study focuses on a non-invasive method to compare the levels of total proteins in saliva of children with cleft lip and palate and healthy children to aid as a bio-marker for further studies. The procedure involves the analysis and comparison of salivary total protein levels in healthy individuals with those with cleft lip and palate in mixed dentition age group. The saliva was allowed to drool into the funnel held to the lower lip. Diluted saliva sample were subjected to inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopy. The total proteins and free amino acids were detected by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Physical properties of saliva in healthy and in cleft lip and palate showed a marked difference. The salivary total protein levels demonstrated higher levels of total proteins in patients with the cleft lip and palate defect than healthy children. Saliva offers an alternative to serum as a biologic fluid that can be analyzed for diagnostic purposes.. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Rahul R. Deshpande, Samrat Sabhlok, Vishwas Patil, Shreya Dasgupta, Ankit Kumar and Shubham Singh to world.

The study conducted showed that there was a linear increase in levels of salivary total proteins when measured between the two groups. The total protein levels were seen to be remarkably higher with cleft lip palate children than the healthy children in mixed dentition age group.

K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey are conferred with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science

06 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 SEM, Tiger, Leopard, Panthera, Wildlife, Cortex, Medulla, Guard hair The Journal of Veterinary Science Photon Journal  Photon FoundationIn terms of K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey, Country has secured valuable assets for its generations. K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey marked a milestone history while cracking international meritorious competition. Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science has witnessed World’s 500 Most Influential Veterinologist for Year 2015 on Earth in terms of K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey. K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey, given new leadership to world, marked history on international level. K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey are awarded with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science. K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal of Veterinary Science'. In their report on Taxonomical applications of guard hair microstructures in tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus): A scanning electron microscopic study they mention that Taxonomical importance of guard hair has been reported for many animals, but the same has not been studied in detail for several species and sub species of the genus Panthera. Further, although light microscopical studies in this regard are available, there is a lacuna in our knowledge in micro structural features revealed through electron microscopy. The aim of the present study was to have a detailed knowledge on guard hair micro structures with reference to taxonomical applications in two species of the genus Panthera. Distinctness in surface micro structures and internal organisation of cuticle, cortex and medulla of guard hair in Panthera tigris and Panthera pardus as revealed in the current study through scanning electron microscopy suggests the taxonomical significance of guard hair micro structure in these animals. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of K.K. Sarmaa, P.C. Bhattacharjeeb and Sudip Dey to world.
Scanning electron microscopy of guard hair from two species of the genus Panthera showed a number of similarities as well as differences in surface microstructures and internal organization. The observation made in the present study suggests that micro structures of guard hair may serve as important criteria for identification of animals at genus and species level. The similarities observed in guard hair microstructures in Panthera tigris and Panthera pardus suggest that these similar features may serve as generic characters. The differences in the micro structure of guard hair in the two animals on the other hand, indicate the possibilities of using these features as species characteristics. However, more studies involving different genus and different species of the same genus are needed for general acceptance of SEM analysis in hair identification of animals.
The authors are thankful to Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, for SEM facility and to the Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, India for laboratory and library facilities.

International Agency for Standards and Ratings honors Hossam M. Omar, Sarry Kh Abdel-Ghafar, Imhemed O. Fiedan and Emad A. Ahmed with Charles Darwin Research Award-2015 in Free Radicals and Antioxidants for great scientific contribution


27 March, 2015, Egypt, USA NEWS CORP

 Acrylamide, thymoquinone, rats, testis, testosterone, oxidative stress
Much awaited award was announced this week. Finally Egypt wins Charles Darwin Research Award-2015 in Free Radicals and Antioxidants. Thousands of nominations from several countries were received for international competition. The noble work is screened which distinguish from the rest, in different aspects of the Free Radicals and Antioxidants. The award is introduced to highlight excellent think tanks on global platform. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal of Free Radicals and Antioxidants. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Zoologist for the year 2015 on earth. Hossam M. Omar is Professor at Physiology Lab., Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Sarry Kh Abdel-Ghafar is Professor at Department of Pathology and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Imhemed O. Fiedan is affiliated to Physiology Lab., Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Emad A. Ahmed is Assistant Professor at Physiology Lab., Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Hossam M. Omar, Sarry Kh Abdel-Ghafar, Imhemed O. Fiedan and Emad A. Ahmed from Egypt made a historical victory over the international competition and won Charles Darwin Research Award-2015 in Free Radicals and Antioxidants. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' The Journal of Free Radicals and Antioxidants '. In their report on Thymoquinone ameliorate testicular toxicity induced by acrylamide in rats they mention that The present study aims to evaluate the role of TQ on the oxidative damage induced by ACR in rat testes. Forty eight adult male albino rats (120-140 g) were divided into four groups (16 rats/ group). Group I, negative control, was drink tape water for 28 days. Group II, positive control, was drink tape water contains ACR (25 mg/kg body weight) for 28 days. Group III, was drink tape water contains ACR (25 mg/kg body weight) and orally administrated with TQ (10 mg/kg body weight) for 28 days. The administration of ACR resulted in elevation in testes MDA and NO levels and significant reduction in the level of GSH and the activity of SOD and CAT. Also, plasma testosterone was significantly elevated in ACR-treated rats as compared with negative control. These biochemical changes were associated with congestion and interstitial edema, necrosis, calcification and degeneration of spermatogenic cells and formation of spermatid gaint cells. Co-treatment with TQ ameliorates these biochemical and histological changes. In conclusion, supplementation with TQ as antioxidant may offer protection against ACR induced testicular toxicity.. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Hossam M. Omar, Sarry Kh Abdel-Ghafar, Imhemed O. Fiedan and Emad A. Ahmed as valuable intellectuals for the Egypt offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for Egypt is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus Egypt which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Hossam M. Omar, Sarry Kh Abdel-Ghafar, Imhemed O. Fiedan and Emad A. Ahmed to world. Exposure of rats to ACR induced testicular damage mediated by oxidative stress and dietary supplementation of TQ as antioxidant may offer protection or ameliorate the ACR toxicity.

 

A. Risvanli, M. Yuksel, H. Bulut, I. Seker and S. Kul are conferred with Kary Banks Mullis Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science by IASR


24 March, 2015, Turkey, USA NEWS CORP

 SERPINA 14, abortion, embryonic mortality, cow  SERPINA 14, abortion, embryonic mortality, cow  SERPINA 14, abortion, embryonic mortality, cow  SERPINA 14, abortion, embryonic mortality, cow  SERPINA 14, abortion, embryonic mortality, cow
The Kary Banks Mullis Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science goes to A. Risvanli, M. Yuksel, H. Bulut, I. Seker and S. Kul from Turkey. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal of Veterinary Science. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Veterinologist for the year 2015 on earth. A. Risvanli, M. Yuksel, H. Bulut, I. Seker and S. Kul from Turkey made a historical victory over the international competition and won Kary Banks Mullis Research Award-2015 in Veterinary Science. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' The Journal of Veterinary Science '. In their report on SERPINA 14 expression from endometrial epithelium in cows with embryonic mortality and aborted they mention that In recent years, many studies have been conducted on SERPINA 14, which is one of the molecules suggested to have a role in the occurrence and continuation of pregnancy. In this study, it was aimed to detect the presence of SERPINA 14 mRNA by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the endometrium of cows in which embryonic mortality and aborted had occurred. In this way, a novel approach can be developed towards embryonic mortality and abortion cases which lead to significant losses in cattle farming. For this purpose, endometrial biopsy samples were obtained from a total of 30 cows which were embryonic mortality (n=10), aborted (n=10) and normal pregnancy (n=10). The presence of SERPINA 14 mRNA in the samples was determined with RT-PCR. Consequently, SERPINA 14 mRNA was detected in the endometrial biopsy samples of all groups. Therefore, it was concluded that the role of SERPINA 14 in continuation of pregnancy could be related to its amount rather than its presence in cows and thereby the present study should be supported by further studies.. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. A. Risvanli, M. Yuksel, H. Bulut, I. Seker and S. Kul as valuable intellectuals for the Turkey offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for Turkey is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus Turkey which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of A. Risvanli, M. Yuksel, H. Bulut, I. Seker and S. Kul to world. Despite all literature searches, no studies could be found about endometrial expression of SERPINA 14 in cows with aborted and embryonic mortality. In the present study, transcription of SERPINA 14 RNA was determined in all endometrial samples obtained from cows in which aborted and early embryonic mortality had occurred and which were pregnant. Thus, no difference was found between the groups for the presence of SERPINA 14 RNA. The RT-PCR assay has sufficient sensitivity to detect the small number of targeted RNA. Hence, in this study, detection of SERPINA 14 RNAs in all samples does not provide data about the amount of SERPINA 14 RNA. We consider that the amount, rather than the presence of SERPINA 14 RNA is important for continuation of pregnancy. Therefore, it was concluded that determination of the amount of SERPINA 14 will be more beneficial than questioning the presence of SERPINA 14 in related tissues. This study was supported by Fırat University Scientific Researches Projects Unit (FUBAP-VF.11.05). All authors have read the manuscript and do not have any conflicting of interests.

 

Ali Jafarian, Amir Pasha Ebrahimi, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi, Amir Hossein Emami, Setareh Davoudi, Habibollah Dashti and Sahra Emamzadeh Fard receive William Harvey Research Award -2015 in Virology


19 March, 2015, Iran, USA NEWS CORP


Much awaited award was announced this week. Finally Iran wins William Harvey Research Award -2015 in Virology. Thousands of nominations from several countries were received for international competition. The noble work is screened which distinguish from the rest, in different aspects of the Virology. The award is introduced to highlight excellent think tanks on global platform. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal for Virology. IASR recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Virologist for the year 2015. Case: A 37-year old man was scheduled for urgent liver transplantation for a huge complicated hepatic artery aneurysm. He was on low dose tacrolimus and prednisolone. On the way of treatment Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) has been marked as a definite diagnosis. He was treated with ganciclovir for CMV (Cytomegalovius) colitis and pneumonia and had dramatic response on colitis. But after all he was expired due to septic shock and severe organs failure. Conclusion: Thrombotic Micro Angiopathy (TMA) in liver transplantation recipient may be due to certain medication such as tacrolimus and cyclosporine. Although, the first suspected cause of TMA in liver transplant recipient is calcineurin inhibitors, consideration of CMV associated TMA is highly recommended in liver transplant recipients especially in those with resistant or relapsing TMA. Although, the first suspected cause of TMA in liver (or any solid organs) transplant recipient is calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus or cyclosporine), consideration of CMV associated TMA is highly recommended in liver transplant recipients especially in those with resistant or relapsing TMA. Either CMV infection or calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus or cyclosporine), results in TMA by endothelial damage due to vasoconstriction or by direct infection mediators released (Ho et al., 1984; Grefte et al., 1995). TMA should be considered in solid organ transplant receipts with either CMV infection or taking calcineurin inhibitors

 

 

 

Mbugua S.N., Oyoo W.S. and Njuguna K.G. receive Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Research Award-2015 in Photocatalysis

09 March, 2015, Nairobi, USA NEWS CORP

 In a major move in the field of Photocatalysis, Mbugua S.N., Oyoo W.S. and Njuguna K.G. from Nairobi are awarded with Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Research Award-2015 in Photocatalysis. The worldwide competition involved many countries. World’s scientific communities turn their attention to merit of the scientific concept involved in it. It is catalyzing the funding and research enthusiasm. The research findings appeared on world’s prestigious International Journal of Photocatalysis. This work focused on synthesis of Titanium (IV) Oxide and Tungsten (VI) Oxide composite and testing the composite as a photocatalyst in deactivation of Escherichi coli in water. Modified wet chemistry method was used and the synthesized nanoparticles calcined at 575° C, taken through X-Ray Fluorescence and X-Ray Diffraction. The result showed a particle size diameter of 18.99nm. The nanoparticles photocatalytic inactivation efficacy of Escherichia coli in water was tested. 3M Petrifilms from 3M Microbiology Products, U.S.A., was used for Escherichia coli colony forming units’ counts. ATUV 8W G8 T5 lamp from PHILIPS emitting between 350-600nm was used as energy source. The catalyst reduced Escherichia coli count by log 3.415 at an optimum catalyst amount of 0.75 g/L at pH 7.3 using the Chick-Watson model for disinfection kinetics. This work proved that photocatalysis is a promising technology in water purification with possible and practical opportunities existing especially for small-scale point-of-use water purification units where potable water could be treated for disinfection of pathogens or trace priority pollutants remaining in water distribution network after conventional treatment methods. This work proved that nano particles can provide solutions in treatment of drinking water especially for poor communities living in the tropics. Although a lot has been done on photocatalytic decomposition of pollutants in water, this work went further to explore the potential of simple composite synthesized using locally available and abundant resource in Kenya (TiO2). The composite was synthesized using fairly mild conditions and later tested for water purification applications using Escherichia coli in natural water samples collected from the environment as opposed to lab cultured strains. The experiments proved that the titanium (IV) oxide- Tungsten (VI) oxide composite can be effectively used in the removal of microbial pollutants from water. The results indicated a negligible Escherichia coli reduction rate variation to acid conditions. From the data obtained significant disinfection was not observed for the dark control (photocatalyst only with no UV), UVA irradiation alone (in the absence of photocatalyst) or with the sample stirred in the presence of photocatalyst. Process taking place during dark control was explained as adsorption-desorption of the Eschericia coli from the surface of the photocatalyst. Photocatalysis is a promising technology in water purification with possible and practical opportunities existing for small-scale point-of-use water purification units where potable water could be treated for disinfection of pathogens or trace priority pollutants remaining in (or entering) the water distribution network following conventional treatment; for example, chlorine-resistant pathogens, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) or pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). Our earlier work (unpublished) showed that our photocatalyst composite was effective in removal of heavy metals and organochlorine pesticides which are some of the pollutants that are not removed by chlorination. The green reactions of photocatalysis are ideal in energy saving and emission reductions. This work focused on exploring the potential of nanoparticle photocatalysis in use for water purification. Escherichia coli was used as model bacteria to explore disinfection kinetics of the nanocomposites used and the optimum working conditions of pH, initial catalyst amount and time factors. The findings can be applied to point-of-use water purification especially for poor communities living in the tropics where solar energy can be harvested and harnessed to effect pathogen removal. The major limitation in this work was the subsequent requirement to filter the nanoparticles after each test. This was because the tests were performed with dispersed and stirred nanoparticles in water. Anchoring procedure for the nanoparticles on immobilized support will be undertaken later. From the findings of this research work, it is recommended that policy makers take into consideration the potential contributions of scientific research into policy implementation in water purification processes. In Kenya, the right to clean drinking water is embedded in the constitution as a right to every citizen. This can only be realized if clean and energy efficient technologies are adopted and incorporated into policies that guide water purification and distribution. The relevant Kenya Government research funding bodies should work with research institutions through funding water purification research, and coordinate the implementation of research findings to target communities. The authors wish to acknowledge the USAID/National Academy of Science PEER project No. PGA-2000001967 for the support grant. Dr. Vincent Madadi for providing the 3M E. coli plates and Ms Dorice Situma for providing SPE catridges, the Department of Chemistry of the University of Nairobi, ANCAP and the Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology. 

Amit Kumar*, Upma Manral and Sachin Sharma receive International Sustainable Development Research Award- 2015

27 February, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Breaking News: In a major move in the field of Medicinal Plants, Amit Kumar*, Upma Manral and Sachin Sharma from India are awarded with award. The worldwide competition involved many countries. World’s scientific communities turn their attention to merit of the scientific concept involved in it. It is catalyzing the funding and research enthusiasm. The research findings appeared on world’s prestigious International Journal of Medicinal Plants. Traditional practices have played an important role in various Indian medicine systems, but have now become confined to remote rural areas. Due to change in the life style and economic status with increased influence of market economy, the transfer of indigenous knowledge about medicinal plants to the younger generations has been declining. There are few studies available from the state of Haryana which document the traditional knowledge of locals, of various medicinal plants and their uses. This might lead to loss of local knowledge in due course of time. The article describes a unique traditional practice of treating muscle strain by farmers using leaves of two widespread wild medicinal plants viz., Ipomoea carnea Jacq. (Convolvulaceae) and Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae). Focused group discussions with experienced rural folk and extensive household survey were conducted in village Muradnagar in the district Kurukshetra of Haryana, India. The mature leaves in former and tender in later were found effective in this ailment. The practice has been reported to provide healing in acute pain within one week of regular use. The documentation will help in the preservation of indigenous knowledge from rural sector of Haryana. Documentation of unique traditional practice for treating muscle strain. The practice has been reported to provide healing in acute pain within one week of regular use. The documentation will help in the preservation of indigenous knowledge of locals of the region. The study was conducted during a short span of time with limited resources and further work on phytochemicals responsible for the action in these species will add to the findings of this work. There is a need of documenting the traditional knowledge of farmer community of the state which has not received due attention in the past. Also, research focused on phytochemicals in widely available plant species would add greatly to the development of pharmaceutical sector. Various policy tools have failed to recognize economic value of widely available medicinal plants for the pharmaceutical industry that has resulted in a dearth of studies that document traditional knowledge. People have recognized the importance of medicinal plants and role they could play in developing the industry. However, still it has not covered all the ecosystems and local communities across the country. Focus has been given to mountainous region of country and local communities in remote valleys of Himalaya or tribal across the country. But, rural communities of states such as Haryana should not be neglected who might have vast knowledge about ethnomedicinal use of plants from their surroundings. Thus, there is a need of policy mix and inter-sectoral integration which focus on coordination at spatial and instrumental scales. Block offices in various districts might be encouraged to get involved in documenting the traditional knowledge of locals across the country. In order to preserve traditional knowledge, the management authorities need to prepare community biodiversity register which should include documentation of local medicinal herbs, their medicinal usage as well as indigenous knowledge lying behind the biological resources. An adaptive and integrated policy approach both at national and local levels should be developed to document and preserve the traditional knowledge before it goes extinct. Amit Kumar contributed to the collection of data through questionnaire surveys, analysis of data and writing the manuscript; Upma Manral and Sachin Sharma contributed to analysis and interpretation of data and writing the manuscript. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. All authors have read and approved the manuscript. The authors are grateful to the local informants for sharing their traditional knowledge, especially Shri Sharwan Kumar for practically demonstrating the usage and Dr. Ishwari D. Rai, Ninad B. Raut and Dr. Deepu Vijayan for critically evaluating the article.

Kiran Meena* and Pamil Tayal receive Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran Research Award- 2015 in Bioprocess Technology


27 February, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 The Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran Research Award- 2015 goes to Kiran Meena* and Pamil Tayal from India. This is an excellent global opportunity to recognize the meritorious efforts by individual and organization. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious International Journal of Medicinal Plants. Artemisia annua is an annual herb, known for its antimalarial drug – artemisinin. The drug is used in combination with its derivatives to prevent the emergence of resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Artemisinin is synthesized through mevalonate pathway in cytosol or methylerythritol phosphate pathway in the plastids and gets accumulated as a secondary metabolite in glandular trichomes. Low yield of drug is recovered using hydrocarbons from the leaves. However due to the emerging malarial cases worldwide, the commercial yield of the drug needs to be enhanced. Various modern technological practices such as semi-synthetic production of artemisinin using microbes (yeast), in vitro propagation of A. annua, selecting high artemisinin producing varieties and use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during cultivation are used now-a-days accounting for increments in the drug production. The review highlights the molecular mechanism of action of antimalarial drug and methods to enhance its concentration in plant parts in vivo as well as in vitro. It is proposed that biologists should focus on an integrated approach for enhancement and effective utilization of the drug. The review highlights the synthesis of antimalarial compound in different plants belonging to different genera. The biosynthetic pathways have been explored in Artemisia annua for designing antimalarial combined therapies along with the production of artemisinin derivatives. The work emphasizes on the mechanism of action of artemisinin against Plasmodium falciparum. The review collectively demonstrates the current scenario of production and ways to enhance the concentration of antimalarial drug. It was suggested to future researchers to look for an integrated approach for drug enhancement and recovery with simultaneous curtailment in the cost. Artemisinin drug extracted from Artemisia annua is used extensively to cure endemic disease - malaria in Asia. In spite of this, the cultivation of the plant is not widespread. Also, limited extraction procedures with low drug yields are followed till date that further adds in plant exploitation. In the last decade, although the researchers have defined ways to enhance the drug yields but the cost management has been neglected. The review states the different approaches which can be combined together to improve the drug quality and quantity as well as minimize the cost. As the review shows all the available methods and approaches for drug extraction and its enhancement, it is recommended to agribusiness companies and research followers to cultivate the plant on a large scale to meet the growing demands of antimalarial drug. Also, better drug extraction procedures with cost effective measure should be laid down. Meena K. has collected the data and Tayal P. has drafted the manuscript. Both authors have discussed, revised and commented on the manuscript at all stages. The authors certify that this manuscript is original and has been written by stated authors. Authors declare that they have no conflict or competing interests. Authors are highly thankful to Shivam Gupta for bringing the proposal of the review. The authors are thankful to University of Delhi for providing financial assistance. 








Hospitals need germ free walls for reduced infection rates

14 December, 2014, ChileUSA NEWS CORP

The Vanya Salvini researcher in Santigo, Chile, presented the work Better Designing and Evaluation of Insulating Ceramics Foamed, developed in the Department of Materials Engineering School of Engineering of São Carlos, USP (EESC) of USP. The highlight was offered by the Latin American Association of Refractory Products Manufacturers, the contribution to the processing and evaluation of ceramic foams for thermal insulation properties at high temperatures, ALAFAR Award 2014. The research involves the development of the manufacturing process and analysis of mechanical behavior of ceramic foams which are lightweight materials, homogeneous high porosity, high strength and low thermal conductivity, which in this design are produced using technologies and green additive free toxicity. There are several applications for these materials, such as thermal insulation for industrial furnaces, porous supports for drug delivery, porous biomaterials for bone regeneration, sound insulation for construction, among others. Being a versatile material, its chemical composition and porosity can be molded according to the intended end application. In bone regeneration, for example, ceramic foam must provide interconnecting pores and is biocompatible. As for heat insulation, the material must be ....






Radioactive contamination need proper environmental monitoring

14 December, 2014, Japan, USA NEWS CORP

Radioactive contamination of the soil in the Fukushima area as a result of the Fukushima nuclear disaster is one of the most serious problems in Japan but it was still uncertain what kinds of materials actually bind the radioactive cesium nuclides which are responsible for the radiation. Due to such uncertainty, research and development of effective actions for decontamination have not progressed. Associate Professor Kogure’s laboratory in the Graduate School of Science, the University of Tokyo and researchers in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), and the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) have successfully identified the cesium-fixing fine particles in soil samples from Iitate, Fukushima, and determined the distribution of the radiation in these particles, mainly using a variety of electron microscopic techniques. Alshamy A.A., Diab H.M., ElKameesy S.U., and Samy R.M., operated Elemental and Radiological safety Assessment in Al-Ramsy mining and milling facility Southwestern Sinai, Egypt. The research was carried by Radiation...





Researchers use of 3-D maps to depict genetic information

14 December, 2014, U.S., USA NEWS CORP

Researchers use of 3-D maps to create catalog of 10,000 folding loops, depicting genetic regulation.

loopglobule6051Researchers have assembled the first high-resolution, 3-D maps of entire folded genomes and found a structural basis for gene regulation, a kind of “genomic origami” that allows the same genome to produce different types of cells. The research appears online Thursday in the journal Cell. 3-D map can help in comparisons of genetic information among different species. Rebah Nejah Jabbar Al - Gafari recevied Doctorate Research Award-2014 in Biotechnology on Characterization, Classification, Genomic Analysis and Establishment of Phylogenetic Tree among Local Isolates of Antibiotic Producing Streptomycetes. The research was supervised by Prof. Dr Mohammad A – K Ibrahim, Prof. Dr Sami A. Al – Mudhaffar and Prof. Dr. Falah A. Attawi from Al – Nahrain University. Similarly  AAAS reported An international team of researchers has sequenced the genomes of 45 avian species and created the most reliable... 





KAIST ranks 'Second' in Maritime RobotX Challenge
14 December, 2014, SingaporeUSA NEWS CORP

The Journal of Sports and Physical Education emphasized to promote technology based sport competitions. These sports should be designed in such a way that they could serve the nation better. It would be nice approach if  these sports could harvest the application of new innovations. Recently KAIST took second place in an international competition to promote technologies of the autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). Professor Jin-hwan Kim’s research team from KAIST’s Ocean Systems Engineering Department won the second place in Maritime RobotX Challenge which took place for the first time from October 20 - 26 in Marina Bay, Singapore. Along with automobiles and drones, the necessity for unmanned boats has grown. To encourage and examine the development of these technologies, the U.S. Office of Naval Research decided to organize an unmanned boat competition which took place for the first time this year. After three teams were selected from a domestic.... 






ISRO's LVM 3 X flight is planned on December 18, 2014


14 December, 2014, India, USA NEWS CORP
Experimental flight of LVM-3 will carry active Solid boosters (S200s), Liquid core stage (L110) and a passive Cryogenic stage (C25). The primary objective of this experimental flight is to validate the complex atmospheric ascent regime of this all new launcher, especially the aerodynamic and control features that cannot be conclusively tested on ground. In this sub-orbital flight, the launcher would climb to an altitude of about 125 km. Taking advantage of this opportunity, a CARE (Crew-module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment) Module is planned to be injected at this altitude. This module has been realized to validate a number of technologies developed under ISRO’s “Critical Technologies for Human Spaceflight Programme”. This Module is planned to be recovered from the Bay of Bengal after the splash down....






 Geminid meteor shower

14 December, 2014, USA, USA NEWS CORP

It's the most wonderful time of the year -- for spotting a Geminid meteor! The 2014 Geminid meteor shower is forecast to be a lively meteor shower with great views in the skies over Earth. The week of Dec. 8 is a good window for Geminid-watching, but the night of Dec. 13-14 is the anticipated peak. Best viewing will be in dark sky locations, away from city lights. Geminids are pieces of debris from an object called 3200 Phaethon. Long thought to be an asteroid, Phaethon is now classified as an extinct comet. Basically it is the rocky skeleton of a comet that lost its ice after too many close encounters with the sun. Earth runs into a stream of debris from 3200 Phaethon every year in mid-December, causing meteors to fly from the constellation Gemini. When the Geminids first appeared in the early 19th century, shortly before the U.S. Civil War, the shower was weak and attracted little attention. There was no hint that it would ever become a major display. On Dec. 13, Cooke and a team of astronomers from Marshall Space Flight Center will host an overnight NASA web chat from 10 p.m. to 2 a.m. CST, answering questions about the Geminid meteor shower. The Geminids are expected to peak just before dawn on Dec. 14, with a predicted peak rate of 100 to 120 meteors per hour....


Mexico is sinking day by day


14 December, 2014, Mexico, USA NEWS CORP

The Journal of Geography and Geology expressed its concerns over climate change. Many parts are sinking day by day. The Journal of Geography and Geology says In near future geographical boundaries of coastal cities are likely to be changed. Radar images from the Sentinel-1A satellite show ground movement in Mexico City, with some areas sinking up to 2.5 cm/month!....





Rosetta ESA


14 December, 2014, Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, USA NEWS CORP

Rosetta launched in 2004 and arrived at Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko on 6 August 2014. It is the first mission in history to rendezvous with a comet, escort it as it orbits the Sun, and deploy a lander to its surface. Rosetta is an ESA mission with contributions from its member states and NASA. Rosetta's Philae lander is provided by a consortium led by DLR, MPS, CNES and ASI. The Journal of Geography and Geology expected the occurrence of water beyond the earth. ESA’s Rosetta Mission has found the water vapour from its target comet to be significantly different to that found on Earth. The discovery fuels the debate on the origin of our planet’s oceans....






Facebook says No to dislike button

13 December, 2014, California, USA NEWS CORP



Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has ruled out adding a ‘dislike’ button on Facebook “anytime soon.” The 30 year-old says there has been great demand and the social network is looking for ways users can “express a wider range of emotions.” Facebook generates around 4.5 billion ‘likes’ a day according to the site’s official figures. However, there is no option to ‘dislike’ something at present. Zuckerberg says the company is mulling this, but it’s not something they’re going to rush. What I think is there are more sentiments that people want to express rather than just positivity. People share things that are sad or are tough cultural or social things and people tell us they are not comfortable pressing ‘like’ because ‘like’ is not the appropriate sentiment when someone lost a loved one or is talking about a difficult issue. “I think giving people the power to express more emotions would be powerful, but we need to find out the right way to do it, so that it is a force for good and not bad and demeaning the person out there,” Zuckerberg added. Fake likes Facebook's Like button has been criticised as being a method by which the social network collects data on its users' browsing habits. The system has also come under fire due to a high volume of "fake likes" - when the popularity of a brand or piece of content is inflated artificially. On closer inspection, many of the "likes" appeared to come from accounts that were not real people. Hardly any of the "likes" originated from places like the UK or US - instead the majority originated in places such as the Philippines. Facebook has initiated legal action against firms offering "fake likes" or other bogus business practices on the social network. Facebook's big concern is revenue. "They need to keep their advertisers happy. 'dislike' button may harm advertisers. 'dislike' button will lead to online bullying.....




Google News shuts in Spain over new law

12 December, 2014, SpainUSA NEWS CORP


Just wait until the publishers in Spain start complaining to Google about this. The last time this happened, Google removed all links to those media organizations from Google's websites all across the spectrum because they wanted to get paid and then they withdrew when they saw their web traffic drop dramatically. This new copyright law is going to do the same thing but this time around, it isn't going to be an easy fix because this is a law that has been passed in Spain. Not only is web traffic going to drop for all of those media organizations in Spain, but Google News is being shut down in Spain and all references to those media organizations is being wiped from Google News all across the spectrum.

Spain's AEDE association, which represents large news publishers, lobbied for the law nicknamed the "Google Tax." Those that were pushing for payment for everything and counting their money before it came in are in for a rude shock when their citizens have to go to other countries to find out what is going on in their own. Copyright in its currently form only exists because of excessive corporate lobbying, and often works against the public interest.....






Uber Taxi getting banned worldwide (India, Malaysia, U.S., U.K., Spain, Vietnam, and Indonesia)? over Rape incident at New Delhi

Uber is banned in New Delhi, India. Earlier it was thought that it may be an immature decision to ban Uber. Can you impose the rapeliability confined to Uber? Now, India's capital New Delhi bans all internet taxi firms after Uber rape. Uber insists it was compliant with New Delhi, India taxi regulations when it did not perform a background check on a driver who allegedly raped a lady passenger. Uber banned in New Delhi after alleged rape by it's driver. New Delhi has now extended a ban on Uber to all web-based taxi services in the Indian capital following a rape allegation against an Uber driver.  The case has caused momentum in India after it emerged that the suspect had previously been charged for rape but had obtained a character reference signed by a police officer that appeared to have been forged.  It has also exposed a total failure to regulate the booming market for online taxi services in India.  The Delhi transport department has yet been slow to respond and, according to reports, sent its order banning Uber by fax.  But Uber says, that they did not receive such any notifications. Moreover this App is still not banned in India from public access. The move has caught momentum now, and Uber is facing worldwide negative publicity across IndiaMalaysiaU.S.U.K.SpainVietnam, and IndonesiaThese online operators do not tune with rules and regulations and are likely to hit at large in near future resulting in roaring government revenue.


Geoinformatic technique GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS contribute exclusive support to Natural Disaster Management
27 November, 2014, Nagaland, India, USA NEWS CORP

Krishnaiah Y.V., Assistant Professor and Bora R., Research Scholar at Department of Geography, Nagaland University (Central), Lumami-798627, Nagaland, India reported breakthrough concepts on Natural Disaster Management by using Geoinformatic technique GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS. Their research is recently published on prestigious Photon JournalThe Journal of Geography and Geology. Rana Bora and Krishnaiah, Y. V. have received International Geography Award-2014 for their research on Kakodonga river basin. The Kakodonga river basin study area is 1112.57 km2 ..... 



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