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B. L. Yadav is conferred with Kirchhoff Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity


23 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Hadauti Region, Pteridophytic diversity, South eastern Rajasthan The Journal of Biodiversity Photon Journal  Photon FoundationB. L. Yadav rocks the world of Biodiversity, while International Media reports confirmed his recognition on World’s 500 Most Influential Biodiversitologists for Year 2015 on Earth. B. L. Yadav is awarded with Kirchhoff Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity. In a high profile international competition flooded with thousands of participants from several countries, India has once again proved it’s leadership in the area. B. L. Yadav won the meritorious competition and established the international leadership in Biodiversity. International Agency for Standards and Ratings expressed it’s views that B. L. Yadav’s efforts will explore tremendous opportunities in this segment leading it to new height. It is surely a matter of pride for civilians of India to have such brain storming intellectuals for close interaction. India has once again confirmed a rich tradition to produce world renowned intellectuals to benefit international society.

DR. B. L. Yadav from Department of Botany, M.L.V. Government College, Bhilwara 311001 (Rajasthan), India is specialized in Pteridology, Ecology, Taxonomy and ethnobotany. His Research Achievements include various aspects of Biology of Rajasthan pteridophytes for the last three decades. This has included taxonomy, distribution, morphology, cytology, ecology, anatomy phytochemistry and experimental studies. More than 100 research papers have been published in various national and international journals. Reported Asplenium dalhausiae, Ophioglossum lusitanicaum, O. parvifolium Selaginella reticulata as the new additions to the pteridophytic flora of Rajasthan. A new species of Ophioglossum to the world flora namely O. indicum Yadav & Goswami sp. nov. has been reported from Rajasthan, India. Studies on angiospermic flora of Rajasthan and ethnobotany has also been taken up for the last one and half decade which has culminated into the “Flora of South Central Rajasthan” (Scientific Publisher, Jodhpur). Five new records of angiospermic taxa for Rajasthan flora namely Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam. (Solanaceae), Senna uniflora (Mill.) Irwin & Barneby (Leguminosae: Ceasalpinioideae ), Cleome burmannii (Cleomaceae), Spigelia anthelmia L. (Spigeliaceae), Tacca leontopicaloides (L.) O.Kuntze (Taccaceae) have been made. Research results have been presented in several national and international conferences. Participated in the 5th Symposium on Asian Pteridology 2010 held at Fairy lake Botanical Garden Shenzhen, China. Nine students have got Ph. D. and presently two students are being supervised for their Ph.D. degree. Awarded Prof. S. S. Bir Medal in the field of pteridology in 1997. Elected Fellow of Indian Botanical Society in 2003, of Indian Fern Society in 2010, of the Linnean Society, London in Jan, 2012, of Indian Academy of environmental Sciences in Feb., 2012 and that of Indian Association of angiosperm taxonomy in 2012. Nominated member of the governing council of Society of Bionaturalists 2011 – 2012 and Indian Fern Society 2011 – 2012. Member of editorial Board of South Asian Journal of experimental Biology. Completed several research projects sponsored by the University Grants commission. Honored by district administration, Bhilwara, Rajasthan on Republic day in 2008. Author of five text books for undergraduate students. Member B.O.S. MDS University, Ajmer 2003 – 2005. Member of several Academic Bodies. Published more tha 100 research papers in various journals of national and international repute.

B. L. Yadav from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Kirchhoff Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity. His research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal of Biodiversity'. In his report on Pteridophytic diversity in Hadauti region of Rajasthan, India they mention that Rajasthan is the largest state in the western part of India. The area of Kota, Bundi, Jhalawar and Baran districts in the south eastern part of Rajasthan is known as Hadauti region which lies between 23°45’ - 25°53’ N latitude and 75° 09’ - 77°26’ E longitude and rich in floristic diversity. Extensive and regular survey of this region of Rajasthan has been made with an objective to document the pteridophytic flora and status of various species in this part of Rajasthan. A total of 27 species of pteridophytes belonging to 14 genera and 8 families have been recorded from various localities of Hadauti region of Rajasthan. Of these, genus Ophioglossum L. has been found to be represented by six species, Selaginella Beauv., Isoetes L. and Adiantum L. by three species each while Cheilanthes and Marsilea L. by two species each. Remaining eight genera (57.14%) were found to have single species. Four species namely Selaginella rajasthanensis Gena, Bhardwaja & Yadav, Isoetes rajasthanensis Gena & Bhardwaja Isoetes reticulata Gena & Bhardwaja and I. tuberculata Gena & Bhardwaja consituting 14.80% of the total taxa were recorded as endemic in this part of the state. Selaginella rajasthanensis Gena, Bhardwaja & Yadav, Ampelopteris prolifera (Retz.) Copel., Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. and Ophioglossum lusitanicum L. have been recorded to be rare and threatened taxa of this region of western India. Stretegies for the conservation of this ancient and medicinally important flora are needed. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. B. L. Yadav as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of B. L. Yadav to world.

This study indicates that the Harauti region of Rajasthan is characterised by the rich pteridophyic diversity but majority of taxa are represented by the single species. Unfortunately, these taxa are declining from this region due to the multifold anthropogenic activities. Some of the taxa have been lost and others are shrinking in their distribution due to some biotic and climatic adversities of the state. Immediate measures should be taken up for the protection of habitats of these taxa. In any case the seriousness and severity of threat to this ancient, academic and medicinally important pteridophytic flora of this region should not be taken lightly because of the scantier floristic resources of this state as compared to other parts of Indian subcontinent (Gena, 2002).

Author is grateful to Dr. C.B. Gena, Former Vice-Chancellor, Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner, and to Prof. T.N. Bhardwaja, Former Vice-Chancellor, Kota Open University, Kota, for their valuable suggestions. He also thanks due to Principal and Vice-Principals, M.L.V. Government College, Bhilwara, for providing facilities, Forest Officials of district Bundi, Kota, Baran and Jhalawar for their co-operation during the field trips. Financial assistance provided by the University Grants Commission is gratefully acknowledged.


International Agency for Standards and Ratings honors Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Tissue Culture for great scientific contribution

20 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 In vitro culture, plantlet development, sugarcane regeneration, somatic tissues International Journal of Agriculture Photon Journal  Photon Foundation In vitro culture, plantlet development, sugarcane regeneration, somatic tissues International Journal of Agriculture Photon Journal  Photon Foundation In vitro culture, plantlet development, sugarcane regeneration, somatic tissues International Journal of Agriculture Photon Journal  Photon Foundation In vitro culture, plantlet development, sugarcane regeneration, somatic tissues International Journal of Agriculture Photon Journal  Photon Foundation In vitro culture, plantlet development, sugarcane regeneration, somatic tissues International Journal of Agriculture Photon Journal  Photon FoundationNaik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. rock the world of Plant Tissue Culture, while International Media reports confirmed their recognition on World’s 500 Most Influential Plant Biotechnologists for Year 2015 on Earth. Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. are awarded with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Tissue Culture. In a high profile international competition flooded with thousands of participants from several countries, India has once again proved it’s leadership in the area. Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. won the meritorious competition and established the international leadership in Plant Tissue Culture. International Agency for Standards and Ratings expressed it’s views that Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A.’s efforts will explore tremendous opportunities in this segment leading it to new height. It is surely a matter of pride for civilians of India to have such brain storming intellectuals for close interaction. India has once again confirmed a rich tradition to produce world renowned intellectuals to benefit international society.

Naik, K. H. born on 6th March 1990 did B.Sc in Biotechnology in 2010 from Veer Naramad South Gujarat University, Surat, India. His Nationality is Indian. He did M.Sc in Biotechnologyin 2012 2010 from Veer Naramad South Gujarat University, Surat, India. Currently he is Ph.D student in Medicinal Plant at UkaTarsadiya University, Bardoli, India.

Dr. Reetu Mehta born on 30 April 1980. Her Nationality is Indian. She did B.Sc in Agriculture (Hons.) from Maharana Pratap Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Udaipur, Rajasthan, India in 2002, M.Sc in Agriculture (Plant Breeding & Genetics) from Anand Agri. Univ., Anand, Gujarat, India in 2005, Ph.D in Biotechnology from Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat in 2012 and NET in Plant Breeding and Genetics from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi in 2013.

Dr. Animasaun, D.A. born on 12th March, 1978. His Nationality is Nigerian. He did B.Sc (2005), M.Sc (2010) and Ph.D (2012) in Plant Biology from University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Dr. Dhansukhbhai Uttambhai Patel born on 27th September, 1952. His Nationality is Indian. He did B.Sc in Agriculture in 1974, M.Sc in Plant Breeding in 1977 and Ph.D in Genetics and Plant Breeding in 1991 from Agricultural University, India.

Vikaskumar Shantilal Patel born on 30th March, 1990. His Nationality is Indian. He did B.Sc and M. Sc in Biotechnology from VNSGU University.

Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Tissue Culture. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'International Journal of Agriculture'. In their report on Optimization of Best Responsive Explants for Disease Free Plantlet Development of Sugarcane Variety Coc 671 they mention that Sugarcane CoC 671 faced with poor stem propagation and poor tolerant to pest and diseases. This study was conducted to determine an efficient procedure for callus induction and regenerationfrom four different explants. Explants of 2-2.5 cm size were taken from direct leaf whorl, tissue culture leaf whorl, shoot tip and shoot base and cultured in different concentrations of 2, 4-D for callus development. The callus obtained was further grown on MS + IBA (0.5 mg/l) + BAP (1.0 mg/l) and MS + NAA (0.5 mg/l) + BAP (1.0 mg/l) and resultant plantlets were multiplied in media MS + 1 mg/l BAP + 0.25 mg/l GA3. Optimal callus growth were obtained from direct leaf whorl explants in 3-4mg concentration of 2,4-D that accumulated great amounts of biomass in 15 days under dark incubation. Callus proliferation occurred more in IBA + BAP than in NAA + BAP media. Multiplication of the plantlet was rapid in formulated media (MS + 1 mg/l BAP + 0.25 mg/l GA3) and good rooting of the shoot was achieved in 2 mg/l NAA. The study concluded that direct leaf whorl is a promising source of explant for sugarcane tissue culture using 3-4 mg/l of 2,4 –D, in MS + IBA (0.5 mg/l) + BAP (1.0 mg/l) media. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Naik K.H., Patel V.S., Mehta R.D., Patel D.U. and Animasaun D.A. to world.

Combined use of BAP and GA3 is the first report from this study for successful shoot elongation in short time. Optimization of best responsive explants was main objective of this study. Initiation and proliferation of callus from different explants. Then further growth development of best responsive explant on two different growth media (IBA + BAP and NAA + BAP). Developed plantlets were then transferred to rooting media. Direct leaf whorl is concluded as best responsive explant for tissue culture of sugarcane CoC 671.

In this present study, attempts were made to work on tissue culture protocol for sugarcane, which is an important crop for Indian farmers. Though there are several problems associated with sugarcane in relation with cultivation, identification of suitable variety in different agro geographical regions, sale of sugarcane to the mills, minimum support price for the farmers, and a declining trend of sugarcane cultivation in India, we hope that with a renewed approach in combination of better package of services, better planting material and combination of Plant Biotechnological approaches for whole plant regeneration will certainly bring a change in the whole scenario. It is believed that whole plant regeneration of sugarcane through tissue culture approach will definitely result in availability of disease free vigorous planting material dissemination of newer variety with improved agronomic characters for the ultimate benefit of the farmers.

Future work possibility includes First, Testing of genetic diversity of plantlets which were derived from different callus of same explant through RAPD technique. After the findings of RAPD, result can be concluding as if presence or absence of genetic diversity. As all the callus were derived through direct organogenesis, chances of genetic diversity is very low. Second, if there is no diversity and plantlets are uniform then it can be taken under field trial for growth yield study and to test susceptibility against various diseases and resistance next to plant pathogens.

Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi are conferred with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity Conservation

16 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Oroxylum indicum Vent., conservation, cultivation, exploration, population International Journal of Medicinal Plants Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Oroxylum indicum Vent., conservation, cultivation, exploration, population International Journal of Medicinal Plants Photon Journal  Photon FoundationRama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi are helping to cultivate world''s future scientists. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to excel. In historic victory the celebrity scientists: Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi honored with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity Conservation. Ahead of several thousands competitors, Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi representing India won prestigious Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity Conservation. Again India has proved its International leadership via producing brilliant scientists in the form of Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi. IASR expressed, 'It is a privilege to have such international celebrity from Plant Conservation among us who will shape the future of this domain. Urbanization could not threat species, on the verge of extinction.' Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi made International news headlines while IASR announced them among World’s 500 Most Influential Conservation Biologist for Year 2015 on Earth.

Dr. Rama Shankar Born on 1st July, 1958 at Village, Deoria, Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh, India after obtaining Master’s Degree in Botany from Gorakh Pur University, Gorakhpur, joined his research career in Medicinal Pteridophytes and obtained D.Phil. degree in 1987 from Allahabad University, Allahabad and continued his research work as Research Associate (UGC) in the same Department till 1992. He started his professional career as Assistant Research Officer (Botany) in Regional Research Centre now Ayurveda Regional Research Institute Itanagar under CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India on 15the October, 1992 where continuing his research work in different capacity of scientific career and presently working as Scientist-4 (Botany) and Head of the Institute. During his career published over 75 research papers on exploration, cultivation conservation, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry of medicinal plants in International and National journals and presented over 100 research papers in National and International seminar, workshop, Science Congress etc. and was awarded with 09 National and International Awards by different organizations viz. Merit Certificate Award (1992) by Indian Fern Society, Bharat Shiksha Ratan Award, Rashtra Ratan Award (2011) Glory of India Award Medal (2012), Life Time Educational Excellence Award (2013), Indian Achievers Award for Education Excellence with Medal (2013), Indira Gandhi Sadbhawana Award (2013) International Status Award for Intellectual Achievements at Dubai, (2013) Indo- Nepal Asia Gold Star Award at Kathmandu, (2014). Visited China in Guiyang of Guizuk for 15 days in connection with Training workshop on Traditional Chinese Medicine during 17.10.2008- 03.11.20108.

Ashish Kumar Tripathi born on 12-03-1983 at Village ahi tiwari ka pura, post jamua bajar, Dist. Mirzapur U.P. Uttar Pradesh, India after obtaining Master’s Degree in Botany from BHU, Varanasi, joined his research career SRF (Botany) ARRI,Itanagar in Medicinal Plant and Ph.D course running from 2012 to present from Nagaland University Lumami.

Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity Conservation. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'International Journal of Medicinal Plants'. In their report on Exploration, conservation and cultivation of Oroxylum indicum Vent. (Shyonak) in Northeast India they mention that Oroxylum indicum belonging to family Bignoniaceae and named as Shyonak in Ayurvedic system of medicine is distributed in a foothills of North East India up to an elevation of 500msl having its occurrence in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura in Northeastern India. Its distribution is very poor in the areas wherever is found. O. indicum is recognized amongst the list of threatened plants. It has wider use in Ayurvedic formulations like Chyavanprash, Dasmularishta, Brahat Panchamulyadi Kwath, Syonaka Putapaka, Syonak Siddhaghrita etc. The root bark is also used, administered as astringent, bitter tonic, stomachic and anodyne. The plant is used in Northeastern India for the cure of mouth cancer, in traditional medicine. The leaf is used for rearing silk worm. Due to multiple uses the exploitation of the plant from Natural habitat is necessary to seek major steps for its conservation in the Natural habitat. Before that population assessment in Nature is required And accordingly the study on distribution, population at the GPS has been carried out and after getting less population in a big part of the areas in different states to fulfil the Industrial and local traditional healer’s requirement and the methods for conservation and cultivation has been made with the aim to save from extinction from Natural habitat. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Rama Shankar and Ashish Kumar Tripathi to world.

The research work is carried out to study the distribution of the plant Oroxylum indicum which is reducing its population from Natural habitat due to acute pressure in different ways. In Nature the seed germination is poor due to seeds being winged and dispersed away from the vicinity of plant which needs first experimental cultivation i.e. raising planting material and then transplantation in the field. Cultivation of O. indicum a threatened plant is possible through seed germination. Public and government should take under mass cultivation.

The study is to the extent of field survey and experimental cultivation. Commonly the new seedlings are developed in the vicinity of the plant which make the possibility of reoccupation of the same plant if older on exploits however, in this case new seedlings were not found in the vicinity. Since the plant is reported as highly threatened medicinal plant its conservation and cultivation is the need of time.

Plants of Oroxylum indicum being a threatened plant under highly demanded medicinal plants needs to be cultivated in mass for safety from extinction as well as to fulfill the Pharmaceutical demand for health management. Government sector specially Forest Department should concentrate over enriching population in the forest areas and allow for systemic collection of drug material till the population achieves its normal position. Public involvement in the conservation of medicinal plants is needed and the unutilized land in the villages as well as community land is to be used for extensive cultivation of Oroxylum indicum for income generation.

Both the authors have conducted survey tours in Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya, whereas corresponding author has explored the potential of the plant in Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura areas. The co author is maintaining records of the study conducted along with GPS status. The basic frame work planning as well as generating concept for different studies field observations experimental work GPS status and distributional status and experimental observations were taken by the corresponding author Dr. Rama Shankar. Necessary planning and discussions were regularly made on mail and over telephone or during different meetings with each other during leave and movement from working place.

Authors are thankful to the Director General, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Science, New Delhi for encouragement and financial assistance.

S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul mark the start of new Era in Ethnomedicine with International Ethnomedicinal Research Award- 2015


14 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Chenchu tribes, folk medicine, Gundla Brahmeswaram wild- life sanctuary, IUCN category International Journal of Medicinal Plants Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Chenchu tribes, folk medicine, Gundla Brahmeswaram wild- life sanctuary, IUCN category International Journal of Medicinal Plants Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Chenchu tribes, folk medicine, Gundla Brahmeswaram wild- life sanctuary, IUCN category International Journal of Medicinal Plants Photon Journal  Photon FoundationS.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul, given the rock star fame in Ethnomedicine, as declared among World’s 500 Most Influential Ethnobiologists for Year 2015 on Earth. In a worldwide meritorious competition, S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaulgrabbed the world prestigious International Ethnomedicinal Research Award- 2015. Representing the great legacy of India, S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaulestablished the matter of proud to civilians of India. International Media is now seriously looking towards India, since S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul made a remarkable historical achievement. Ethnobiologists are ensured that under the leadership of S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul, millions of emerging intellectuals would be benefited and inspired around the world.

Dr. Shaik Khasim Munir Basha is pride for Indians for being honored with such a prestigious award. Dr. S.K.M. Basha is Associate Professor in Botany. He borned on August 14, 1960 with Indian Nationality to rock the field of Biodiversity. Dr. Shaik Khasim Munir Basha did M.Phil on Seedling Development of Groundnut influence of CaCl2 in the Allevation of NaCl. He did Ph.D on Salintiy stress during seedling growth of two. His Research Fields are Taxnomy Medicinal plants Biodiversity & Ecology. He has 5 M.Phil & 5 Ph.D scholars under his guidance. The UGC Sanctioned his Major Research Project entitled “Phyto diversity and Conservation of Pulicat- Lake, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh”. He guided his M.Phil students on Floristic wealth of seven hills chittor dist (A.P), High valued medicinal plants distribution of Udayagiri hill range and Phytodiversity conservation of Nelapattu bird sanctuary Nellore dist. Currently he is guiding on Medicinal plants wealth of velugonda hill range and Floristicstudies on Pulicat lake Nellore dist to his M.Phil students. He is Life Member of the Indian Botanical Society Jaipur, Indian Fern Society Chandigarh, International Society of Environmental Botanists NBRI Lucknow, Society of Tropical Forestry Scientists, Jabalpur, the Society for Medicinal and Aromatic plaints New Delhi, Indian Association of Angiospermic Taxonomy, Calicut, Indian Society for Plant Physiology – IARI New Delhi, National Institute of Ecology New Delhi, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Ahemadabad, Ethno Botananical Society, Lucknow, India Science Congress, Calcutta. He has several research publications to his credit.

Dr. P. Siva Kumar Reddy is Lecturer in Botany. He did M.Sc and Ph.D in Botany. He has Specialization in Forest Ecology, Conservation Biology and Medicinal Plants. He is studying Ethonobotanical studies of Lankamalleswaram Wild Life Sanctuary. Currently he is Working as a research scholar at Bharathiar University,Coimbatore under the guidance of Dr. S.K.M. Basha, who is Associate Professor at NBKR Science & Arts College, Vidya Nagar, India.

Dr. M. John Paul is Lecturer in Botany at Government Degree College, Vidavalur. He did M.Sc and Ph.D in Botany. He has Specialization in Forest Ecology, Conservation Biology and Medicinal Plants. He is studying Ethonobotanical studies of Velugonda Hill Range. Currently he is working as a Research Scholar at Bharathiar University, Coimbatore under the great guidance of Dr. S.K.M. Basha, who is Associate Professor at NBKR Science & Arts College, Vidya Nagar, India.

S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won International Ethnomedicinal Research Award- 2015. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' International Journal of Medicinal Plants'. In their report on Medicinal Plant Resources of Gundla Brahmeswaram Wild Life Sanctuary Eastern Ghats Andhra Pradesh, India they mention that The present study deals with certain Medicinal plants used by chenchu tribals in habiting the forests of Gundla Brahmeswaram (GBM) wildlife sanctuary. the observations revealed that out of the 150 species used by the tribe 21 belongs to critically endangered, 2 belongs to rare, 30 belongs to endangered and 22 belongs to near threatened categories as per IUCN categorization norms. The survey indicates that there is an urgent need for protection and conservation of these medicinal plants. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of S.K.M. Basha, P. Siva Kumar Reddy, K.V. Rami Reddy, and M. Johnpaul to world.

One of the major tasks in the conservation process is to prepare an inventory of RET plants to assess their conservation. Similar documentation is not available from of Gundla Brahmeswaram wild life sanctuary Eastern Ghat region. This paper attempts to fill this lacuna by documentation of certain RET medicinal plant species of Gundla Brahmeswaram. The present work high lights the identification of 33 RET medicinal plants out of which 2 rare plants, 30 endangered plants, 22 nearly threatened plants and 21 critically endangered plant from Gundla Brahmeswaram wild life sanctuary, Eastern Ghats, Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh.

Present research is mainly concentrating on the identification and documentation of RET plants species of the study area. Population studies including species richness, species diversity, and conservation priority index have to be calculated. Distribution analysis of RET plant species in different parts of study area also planned but not able to studied due to the shortage of time and so many other factors.

The authors are thankful to the Officials of the Forest Department, other tribals and local people for their help.

Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V.mark the start of new Era in Biochemistry with Frederick Banting Research Award-2015 in Biochemistry


08 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon Foundation Smoking, Alcohol, Diet, Lipid profile, Myocardial infarction International Journal of Biochemistry The Journal for Urology Photon Journal  Photon FoundationAvinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. are one of Biochemistry's leading celebrity, known for leadership skills and breakthrough research potential. Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. starred in Biochemistry. Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. made International news headlines while IASR announced them amongWorld’s 500 Most Influential Biochemist for Year 2015 on Earth. Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. earned Frederick Banting Research Award-2015 in Biochemistry.

Dr. Avinash S.S. is Associate Pofessor at Father Muller Medical College, Department of Biochemistry, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Manjunatha Goud B.K. is Assistant Pofessor at Ras Al Khaimah Medical and Health Sciences University, Department of Biochemistry, Ras Al Khaimah, U.A.E.

Guruprasad Rao is Pofessor at Manipal Medical college, Department of Biochemistry, Manipal university, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Bhavna Nayal is Assistant Pofessor at Kasturba Medical College, Department of Pathology, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Devaki R.N. is Pofessor at Mysore Medical College, Department of Biochemistry, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Raghuveer C.V. is Professor, Director of Post Graduate Studies and Research at Yenepoya University, Department Pathology, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Frederick Banting Research Award-2015 in Biochemistry. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'International Journal of Biochemistry'. In their report on Effect of smoking, alcoholism and non-vegetarian diet on lipid profile in non-diabetic, non-hypertensive myocardial infarction patients they mention that Diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, high LDL-Cholesterol, low HDL-Cholesterol are risk factors of Myocardial Infarction (MI). Our study intends to find the isolated effect of cigarette smoking, alcohol and dietary habits on lipid profile in a non diabetic, non hypertensive MI. Serum lipid parameters were estimated in thirty five cases of non diabetic, non hypertensive MI patients and forty age and sex matched normal controls. In non diabetic, non hypertensive MI, when compared with respective group, non vegetarian females and males had higher total cholesterol (TC), LDL and TC/HDL than vegetarian; male smokers had high LDL, low VLDL and low triglyceride (TG) than non smokers and male alcoholics had high LDL and low TG than non alcoholics. TC, LDL and TC/HDL are increased due to the effect of smoking, alcohol consumption and non vegetarian diet even in a non diabetic, non hypertensive MI. This fact should be considered while managing a case of MI. Low sample size is a limitation of our study. However further large population based studies are needed to find out the adjusted effect of smoking, alcohol and diet on altered lipid profile and its independent risk of development of MI. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Avinash S.S., Manjunatha Goud B.K., Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayald, Devaki R.N. and Raghuveer C.V. to world.

In this study we demonstrated the deleterious effect of smoking, alcohol and non vegetarian diet on lipid profile in male as well as patients with non diabetic, non hypertensive MI.

Main limitations of our study are low sample size, absence of alcoholic females and female smokers, presence of confounding and additive effect of smoking, alcohol and non vegetarian diet.

Further large population based studies are required that includes alcoholic females, female smokers and adjusts for the confounding and additive effect of smoking, alcohol and non vegetarian diet on lipid profile especially in non diabetic, non hypertensive MI.

Even in non diabetic , non hypertensive patients the other risk factors like smoking, alcohol and non vegetarian diet can deleteriously alter the lipid profile and predispose to MI. This fact should be considered while managing such cases.

Smoking, alcohol consumption and non vegetarian diet increases the TC, LDL and TC/HDL in a non diabetic non hypertensive MI.

Large population based studies on risk factor analysis of MI should be funded especially in a developing country like India where the cardiovascular mortality and morbidity is anticipated to be growing alarmingly and might achieve the status of slow epidemic.

Manjunatha Goud B.K, Guruprasad Rao, Bhavna Nayal were involved in collection of sample. Avinash S.S was involved in collection, organisation, analysis and inference of the data. Avinash S.S, Manjunatha Goud B.K, Devaki R.N and Raghuveer C.V were involved in preparation the manuscript,

Authors extend their thanks to Cardiology Department, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal for their support in providing cases and collection of sample. We also acknowledge the Management of Father Muller Medical College-Mangalore, Melaka Medical College-Manipal, K.M.C-Manipal, Yenopoya University and Mysore Medical College for allowing the authors to participate in the study.

Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat are conferred with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Breeding

04 April, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Cultivated apple, origin, domestication, secondary contribution, progenitors Cultivated apple, origin, domestication, secondary contribution, progenitors Cultivated apple, origin, domestication, secondary contribution, progenitorsAijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat are helping to cultivate world''s future scientists. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to excel. In historic victory the celebrity scientists: Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat honored with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Breeding. Ahead of several thousands competitors, Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat representing India won prestigious Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Breeding. Again India has proved its International leadership via producing brilliant scientists in the form of Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat. IASR expressed, 'It is a privilege to have such international celebrity from subject among us who will shape the future of this domain.' Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat made International news headlines while IASR announced them among World’s 500 Most Influential Plant Breeder for Year 2015 on Earth. Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Plant Breeding. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal for Horticulture'. In their report on Malus × domestica Borkh. - from wild resources to present day cultivated apple they mention that The apple ( Malus × domestica Borkh.) (Rosaceae, Maliodeae) is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits of genus Malus. The sub-family Maloideae (X=17) to which apple belongs is believed to have originated from ancestors of Spiraeoideae by a hybridization event followed by polyploidization and subsequent aneuploid loss. The cultivated apple originated in Central Asia where its wild ancestor Malus sieversii, is still found today. In ancient times, apple seeds and trees were likely dispersed from Central Asia, east to China and west to Europe, via trade caravan routes popularly referred to as the “Silk Route”. Cultivation of the species progressed over a long period of time and permitted secondary introgression of genes from other species present along the Silk Route. Significant exchange with Malus sylvestris, Malus baccata, Malus orientalis, Malus prunifolia, Malus asiatica etc. resulted in current populations of apples. Selected cultivars likely arose from random hybridizations and they were maintained by vegetative propagation, especially grafting. By the 20th century, more than 10,000 cultivars are documented, most of them being chance seedlings. The present book chapter is a brief review on the origin and domestication of cultivated apple based on the molecular and non-molecular evidences generated by various researchers. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat as valuable intellectuals for the country offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Aijaz A. Wani, Jahangir A. Dar and Tariq A. Bhat to world. Cultivated apple has been initially domesticated from M. sieversii of Central Asia and subsequently received a significant genetic contribution from M. sylvestris, M. baccata and M.orientalis present along the Silk Route. The commercial apple is thus a species hybrid with complex history of interspecific and intraspecific hybridization. Vegetative propagation through grafting has played important role in preserving genetic variability and elite genotypes in domesticated apple. The contributions from various wild species to the M. domestica gene pool highlights the need for conservation of these wild genetic resources which may contain important genes for disease resistance, quality and adaptability for further improvement of domesticated apple.

International Agency for Standards and Ratings honors Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Public Health for great scientific contribution.

02 April, 2015, Cameroon, USA NEWS CORP

 Cholera, Rainfall, Morbidity and mortality, Cameroon
Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga are helping to cultivate world''s future scientists. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to excel. In historic victory the celebrity scientists: Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga honored with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Public Health. Ahead of several thousands competitors, Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga representing Cameroon won prestigious Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Public Health. Again Cameroon has proved its International leadership via producing brilliant scientists in the form of Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga. IASR expressed, 'It is a privilege to have such international celebrity from Public Health among us who will shape the future of this domain.' Pierre Saotoing, Toua Vroumsia Moussa Djaouda, Aaron Manga Mongombe, Shu Lum Vejeline and Alexandre-Michel Njan Nlôga made International news headlines while IASR announced them among World’s 500 Most Influential Parasitogist for Year 2015 on Earth. After completing this study, it was concluded that cholera morbidity and rainfall had a statistically positive significant correlation. There was a significant increase in morbidity from 266 in 2001 to 9,367 cases in 2010. Morbidity also showed variation with months. Cases were mostly registered during the wet months and absent during the dry months. For most years, morbidity increases in the months which registered the highest rainfall. It was also realized that apart from the advent of rainfall, other factors like cultural behaviour, poor hygiene and sanitation practices could have triggered outbreaks and spread of the disease. In order to reduce outbreaks and morbidity, government and its partners should review the current cholera control and preventive measures such as constructing public toilets and providing potable water to communities rather than rely only on sensitization of the population. Sanitary inspectors should be reinstituted. They could have as mission to inspect the respect of healthy hygiene and sanitation practices. In addition, community health clubs could be created to enable the locals actively take part in the sensitization of their populations. This study could be improved upon by including data on mortality with respect to sex and age in order to have the actual trend of the evolution of cholera epidemiology in the Far-North Region of Cameroon. Cholera morbidity and rainfall had a statistically positive significant correlation. There was a significant increase in morbidity from 266 in 2001 to 9,367 cases in 2010 and this morbidity varied with months. Cases were mostly registered during the wet months and absent during the dry months. Apart from the advent of rainfall, other factors like cultural behavior, poor hygiene and sanitation practices could have triggered outbreaks and spread of the disease. Mobility and mixing of the population which favour the transmission of cholera might have also contributed to an increase in morbidity. An increase in cholera morbidity could have been as a result of the fact that the Far-Nord Region of Cameroon is a transit for migrants from neighboring countries. Government and its partners should review the current cholera control and preventive measures such as constructing public toilets and providing potable water to communities, rather than rely only on sensitization of the population. Sanitary inspectors should be reinstituted. They could have as mission to inspect the respect of healthy hygiene and sanitation practices. In addition, community health clubs could be created to enable the locals actively take part in the sensitization of their populations. Government and its partners should review the current cholera control and preventive measures such as constructing public toilets and providing potable water to communities, rather than rely only on sensitization of the population. Sanitary inspectors should be reinstituted. They could have as mission to inspect the respect of healthy hygiene and sanitation practices. Authors have worked together and there is no conflict of interests. The researchers of this study sincerely say thank you to the Regional Delegate for Public Health of Far- Nord Cameroon, the Meteorological Service of the Regional Delegation for Transport of Maroua who did agree to make available to us data on cholera and rainfall, respectively. 

Haren Ram Chiary, Neetu Singh and Hridaya Shanker Singh are conferred with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity


27 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Assam, Biodiversity, Threats, North Eastern Region
In a major move in the field of Biodiversity, Haren Ram Chiary, Neetu Singh and Hridaya Shanker Singh from India are awarded with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity. The worldwide competition involved many countries. World’s scientific communities turn their attention to merit of the scientific concept involved in it. It is catalyzing the funding and research prospects. The research findings appeared on world’s prestigious The Journal of Biodiversity. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Zoologist for the year 2015 on earth. Haren Ram Chiary is Assistant Professor at Department of Zoology, Kirorimal College, Delhi, India. Neetu Singh is Research scholar at Department of Zoology, Ch. Charan Singh University, Meerut, India. Hridaya Shanker Singh is Professor at Department of Zoology, Kirorimal College, Delhi, India. Haren Ram Chiary, Neetu Singh and Hridaya Shanker Singh from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Biodiversity. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal of Biodiversity'. In their report on Loss of Fish Diversity of Assam (India): A Threat to Ichthyofauna they mention that North Eastern Region of the country is located between 21.57° N – 29.30° N latitude and 89.46° E – 97.30° E longitude. The State Assam which forms about 30% of the North Eastern region has Brahmaputra and Barak river systems and their numerous tributaries (combined length 4820 km), a large number of flood plain wet lands (Beel) and swamps (1.12 lakh ha.).The North East India is considered as one of the hot spots of fresh water fish biodiversity in the world. In Assam 185 species belonging to 98 genera have been found. There can be many more fish species which are yet to be recorded. In recent years there has been drastic reduction in abundance of the fresh water fishes in the region. It has been found that the fish diversity of this region faces serious threats which would lead to a catastrophic loss of our biodiversity. In this study we have provided a list of threatened fish of northeast region this will be helpful for further research and for implementation of conservational strategies.. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Haren Ram Chiary, Neetu Singh and Hridaya Shanker Singh as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Haren Ram Chiary, Neetu Singh and Hridaya Shanker Singh to world. In the present report, an attempt has been made to study the endangered fish species of Assam region which are economically important so that the conservation strategies could be made to solve the threat of extinction. Many scientists worked on the use aquaculture for conservation and recovery of endangered fish populations. Conservation aquaculture involves working adaptively with the local gene pool and allowing sufficient migration of genes to allow allelic representation. Aquaculture for conservation should be viewed as one component of multifaceted fish restoration and recovery program.mes, many of which include important habitat improvements. The goal of conservation aquaculture is to conserve wild fish populations along with their locally adapted gene pools and characteristic phenotypes and behaviors. Our study will be useful for further research and conservation of threatened fishes, as the data given in the study provide a list of endangered fish species of Assam region which needs to be conserved. Assam is a hot spot for fishery.Fish are the main food of this region as a result of which fishes are consumed on level. High rate of consumption leads to depletion of fish population. They have not discussed the various reasons of depletion of fishes. Government or concerned authority should take an interest on the reasons which are responsible for diminution of fish diversity. Conservational strategies should be planned by the government, education of aquaculture should be given to the local fishermen and most importantly modern techniques should be used to increase fish production so that food demand of the existing human population in that area could be fulfilled without loss of fish diversity. Thanks to Head, Department of Zoology, C.C.S. University, Meerut, India for providing lab facilities.

 

Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan are honoured with James Watson Research Award-2015 in Ethnobiology by IASR


25 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Medicinal plants, Northern Himalayas, genetic diversity, traditional knowledge, ethnic communities
In a major move in the field of Ethnobiology, Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan from India are awarded with James Watson Research Award-2015 in Ethnobiology. Their research comes from renowned institution which is involved in many different kinds of scientific research. Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan are internationally-recognized leader in the field of Ethnobiology. The worldwide competition involved many countries. World’s scientific communities turn their attention to merit of the scientific concept involved in it. It is catalyzing the funding and research prospects. The research findings appeared on world’s prestigious The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Ethnobiologist for the year 2015 on earth. Tariq Ahmad Bhat is Lecturer for Botany at Govt. Higher Secondary School Aishmuqam, Department of School Education, Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Aijaz Ahmad Wani is Sr. Assistant Professor at Cytogenetics and Reproductive Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India. M. Gulfishan is Post Doctrate Fellow at Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won James Watson Research Award-2015 in Ethnobiology. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine'. In their report on Medicinal Plants Sector in Northern India: An Ethno-Medicinal Appraisal they mention that India is one of the world's top 12 mega biodiversity countries with 10 bio-geographic regions and two biodiversity hotspots. The climatic and altitudinal variations, coupled with varied ecological habitats of the country, have contributed to the development of immensely rich vegetation with a unique diversity in medicinal plants. The medicinal plant species have made an outstanding contribution in treatment of several disorders like memory loss, osteoporosis, immune and age-related problems, and even some deadly diseases like AIDS and cancer. In recent past, the traditional knowledge based treatment has gained a wide recognition worldwide due to an increased faith in herbal medicine in view of its lesser side effects compared to allopathic medicine. The main objectives of present study were to explore the potential in medicinal plant resources, to understand the challenges and opportunities within the medicinal plant sector, and also to suggest recommendations based upon the present state of knowledge for the establishment and smooth functioning of the medicinal plants sector besides improving the living standards of the underprivileged communities. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan to world. The traditional medical systems of Northern India such as Ayurvedia and Tibetan are part of time tested culture and honored by people still today. These traditions have successfully set an example of natural resource use in curing many complex diseases for more than three thousand years. The plants used for various therapies are readily available, easy to transport, and have relatively long shelf life. The most important advantage of herbal medicine is the minimal side effects, and relatively low cost compared to the synthetic medicines. The success of medicinal plants sector mainly depends on the awareness and interest of the farmers and other stakeholders, supportive government policies, availability of assured market, profitable prize levels and access to simple and appropriate agro-techniques. The successful establishment of medicinal plant sector may help in development of cheaper drugs, maintain ecosystem balance, prevent extinction of highly prized species and improve the living standards of ethnic communities. They are thankful to all those scholars, authors and scientists who provided significant inputs and valuable suggestions during preparation of this manuscript.

 

Shilpi Srivastava and Malvika Srivastava are conferred with Jan Ingenhousz Research Award-2015 in Plant Physiology by IASR


24 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 LAI: Leaf Area Index, RWC: Relative Water Content, ROS: Reactive Oxygen Species, KNO3: Potassium nitrate, Stevia rebaudiana , biochemicals, potassium, water stress  LAI: Leaf Area Index, RWC: Relative Water Content, ROS: Reactive Oxygen Species, KNO3: Potassium nitrate, Stevia rebaudiana , biochemicals, potassium, water stress
Much awaited award was announced this week. Finally India wins Jan Ingenhousz Research Award-2015 in Plant Physiology. Thousands of nominations from several countries were received for international competition. The noble work is screened which distinguish from the rest, in different aspects of the Plant Physiology. The award is introduced to highlight excellent think tanks on global platform. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal of Plant Physiology. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Plant Physiologist for the year 2015 on earth. Shilpi Srivastava and Malvika Srivastava from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Jan Ingenhousz Research Award-2015 in Plant Physiology. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' The Journal of Plant Physiology '. In their report on Foliar Application of Potassium to Mitigate the Adverse Impact of Water Stress on Growth and Physiological Performance of Stevia rebaudiana rebaudiana they mention that An experiment was carried out to study the effect of foliar application of potassium on growth and water stress. The results reveal that all the growth biochemical constituents of Stevia rebaudiana plants under parameters (plant height, leaf area index, biomass, relative water content) were drastically reduced and the biochemicals viz. total amino acid, protein and nitrogen content were also affected in response to water deficit. However foliar application of K had a positive effect on growth of Stevia rebaudiana plants and also maintained optimum biochemicals. Results prove that foliar application of KNO3 under water deficit conditions can be effective in promoting the growth performance with enhanced biochemicals. This research concludes to increase the tolerance capacity of Stevia rebaudiana and may prove beneficial for commercial cultivation and management of Stevia rebaudiana in water scarce regions hence promoting its quality and quantity characteristics.. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Shilpi Srivastava and Malvika Srivastava as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Shilpi Srivastava and Malvika Srivastava to world. Stevia rebaudiana is a calorie free herbal natural product and has a bright future due to its medicinal values. Due to the variation in water regimes, the plants showed significant differences between the treatments for the studied morphological and biochemical parameters. The potassium foliar application under water stress can be very beneficial in promoting growth of Stevia rebaudiana plants with enhanced amount of biochemicals.

 

S.C. Sati, P. Kumar and S. Joshi receive Gregor Mendel Research Award- 2015 in Pharmacy


23 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Picea smithiana, phytochemical screening, antibacterial activity, and gymnosperms plant extract , ZOI: Zone of Inhibition, MIC: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, MBC: Minimum Bactericidal Concentration  Picea smithiana, phytochemical screening, antibacterial activity, and gymnosperms plant extract , ZOI: Zone of Inhibition, MIC: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, MBC: Minimum Bactericidal Concentration  Picea smithiana, phytochemical screening, antibacterial activity, and gymnosperms plant extract , ZOI: Zone of Inhibition, MIC: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, MBC: Minimum Bactericidal Concentration
The Gregor Mendel Research Award- 2015 in Pharmacy goes to S.C. Sati, P. Kumar and S. Joshi from India. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious International Journal of Pharmacy. S.C. Sati, P. Kumar and S. Joshi from India made a historical victory over the international competition and won Gregor Mendel Research Award- 2015 in Pharmacy. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal ' International Journal of Pharmacy '. In their report on The bark extracts of Himalayan gymnosperm Picea smithiana (Wall.): A natural sources of antibacterial and antioxidant agent they mention that The bark extract of Kumaun Himalayan gymnosperm Picea smithiana was assessed for its active principles. Flavonoids, terpenoid, tannins, alkaloids, saponin, glycosides, quinines, carbohydrates, protein, starch, resin, volatile oil, anthraquinone and phenol were found in both methanol and ethanol bark extracts. The antibacterial potential of methanol and ethanol extracts of bark was investigated against Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Erwinia chrysanthemi and Xanthomonas phaseoli using disc diffusion method. The extracts were further evaluated for minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). Both methanol and ethanol extracts of P. smithiana bark were found effective by showing a mark zone of inhibition (ZOI). Methanol extract showed the highest inhibitory activity against A. tumefaciens (ZOI, 19 mm) while ethanol extract exhibited its highest activity for E. chrysanthemi (ZOI, 12 mm). The MIC and MBC values were recorded in the range 31.25-250 µg/ml and 62.5-500 µg/ml, respectively. The lowest value of MIC and MBC were recorded against A. tumefaciens in methanol extract (31.25 µg/ml and 62.5 µg/ml respectively). The results of bark extracts were also compared with leaf extracts of P. smithiana for antimicrobial potential. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. S.C. Sati, P. Kumar and S. Joshi as valuable intellectuals for the India offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for India is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus India which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of S.C. Sati, P. Kumar and S. Joshi to world. Relying upon the results obtained it can be concluded that the bark extracts of Kumaun Himalayan gymnosperm Picea smithiana has antimicrobial potentialities against the bacterial strains. Out of the two extracts i.e. ethanol and methanol, ethanolic extract showed greater antibacterial activity than methanolic extract. The phytochemical screening of the bark extracts of P. smithiana also indicate that the presence of some compounds i.e. alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins and phenols which are not only useful for antimicrobial but also as antioxidant.The present results also suggest that Picea smithiana bark extracts may be used to find bioactive compounds from natural products required for the development of new drugs against plant and human pathogens. The study was supported by Uttarakhand Council for Science and Technology (UCOST), Dehradun, India and UGC (BSR) SAP, New Delhi. The authors wish to thank Department of Plant Pathology, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar and Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC) for providing bacterial strains.

 

 

 

IASR confers Camillo Golgi Research Award -2015 in Biodiversity to K.L. Meena


21 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

Cytology Chromosome Research Fish Job Award BRAZIL
Much awaited award was announced this week. Finally India wins Camillo Golgi Research Award -2015 in Biodiversity. Thousands of nominations from several countries were received for international competition. The noble work is screened which distinguish from the rest, in different aspects of the Biodiversity. The award is introduced to highlight excellent think tanks on global platform. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal of Biodiversity. International Agency for Standards and Ratings recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Biodiversity Experts for the year 2015 on earth. Dr. K. L. Meena Ph. D., F. B. S., F. I. A. A. T., Lecturer in Botany is a dynamic taxonomist and has presently been working at M.L.V. Government PG College, Bhilwara (Rajasthan). He has 16 years of experience of teaching taxonomy, ethnobotany, ecology and phytosociology. He got his Ph. D. degree in taxonomy. Dr. Meena has worked extensively on different aspects of Rajasthan flora namely taxonomy, ethnobotany, phytogeography, phytosociology and conservation. Dr. Meena has published more than 56 research papers in standard journals including the several new records for Rajasthan flora. He has been guiding 2 Ph. D. students. Dr. Meena has won several best paper awards in various seminars / symposia. Author receives Thomas Edison Award-2014 in biodiversity. He has also authored five books (Flora of South Central Rajasthan, Flora of Wildlife Sanctuary, Proceeding national conference on biodiversity; causes, consequences and solution, Ethnobotany of Garasia Tribe, Rajasthan, India and Ecology of Commiphorawightii(Arn.) Bhandari, Rajasthan, India) in last two are published from Germany. He has been the principal investigator of several research projects funded by UGC and is life member of half a dozen academic bodies. The present paper deals with the citation, description, distribution, phonological, ecological data, notes, uses, causes of threat and conservation measures for Adansonia digitata L. a rare and threatened species in India. Photographs are also provided for its easy identification in the field. Overexploitation, narrow extent of occurrence, small area of occupancy, severe fragmentation of population, very low regeneration, lack of local people knowledge, revealed that Adansonia digitata L. is facing severe conservation threat and extinction risk. It would be categorized for endangered category by ensuring the habitat conservation, of this important tree species. I am grateful and thankful to Dr. V. Singh, Emeritus Scientist & Ex. Add. Director, Botanical Survey of India, Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur for valuable suggestions for this study. He is equally grateful to the Dr. S. L. Meena, Scientist Botanical Survey of India, Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur for confirmation the identity of specimens and valuable suggestions regarding to species. He is also grateful to Dr. B. L. Yadav, Senior Lecturer Department of Botany, MLV Govt. College, Bhilwara for encouragements. Tribal informer Sh. Khuman Singh, Sh. Rakesh Ji, Sh. Ganga Ram Ji, Sh. Deepak Das Tyagi and Sh. Mohan Chandeshri of Mandu is equally thankful for providing information. He is Thankful to Principal and Vice Principals of MLV Government College, Bhilwara, India for providing the facilities. Financial assistance provided by UGC, New Delhi is gratefully acknowledged. Studies will result in a valuable reference for all plants for taxonomy and ethno botany. Also these will be useful to foresters, Medical scientists and those interested in biodiversity, traditional knowledge of indigenous people and conservational aspects of plants. The information will also be useful for the department of forest for conservation of Adansonia digitata L. from this region. According to the present study the area of its occurrence must be immediately fenced off from biotic interference or declared the “Hot Spot” and banned on cuttings, as well as artificial regeneration programmes should be urgently raised. To determination and availability of plant species and their categorization as per IUCN standards. The study is solved the problems for availability form the Malwa region of the India. It is interesting for Mandu this taxon has multiple uses, but not been selected in threatened category by any one of previous workers to highlighting potential taxa for conservation concern. It is necessary to declare the “Hot Spot” and banned on cuttings, as well as artificial regeneration programmes should be urgently raised. The danger of extinction of such elements is ahead, therefore, to ensure the survival of germplasm, necessary measures need to be taken for their protection, conservation and multiplication. Keeping in mind, Intensive field surveys in the vicinity of this type locality to determine its true status. This taxon has is multiple uses, but it has not been selected in threatened category by any one of previous workers to highlighting potential taxa for conservation concern. This tree has been included in Rare and Threatened categories and an urgent need to conserve the multipurpose tree from Mandu of Madhya Pradesh. According to the present study the area of its occurrence must be immediately fenced off from biotic interference or declared the “Hot Spot” and banned on cuttings, as well as artificial regeneration programmes should be urgently raised. The local Panchayat has the ownership regarding collection and selling of fruits to local traders. But a new plantation program has not been recorded. It is necessary to the department of forest and also horticulture department, that these departments must play an important role for the replantation of this multipurpose tree in the Mandu of Madhya Pradesh.

 

 

Rupali Subhashrao Kaikade and Shubhangi Nagorao Ingole receive Niels Bohr Research Award-2015 in Ethnobiology


19 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

GC MS ETHNOBIOLOGY PHYTOCHEMISTRY TRADITIONAL MEDICINE BRAZILGC MS ETHNOBIOLOGY PHYTOCHEMISTRY TRADITIONAL MEDICINE BRAZIL
The award goes to name of persons from country. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious unit. IASR recognizes the researchers among World's 500 Most Influential Ethnobiologist for the year 2015. Miss. Rupali Subhashrao Kaikade, is a research student of Botany. She completed her Post graduate (M.Sc) in 2008 with specialization Molecular Biology and completed Masters in Philosophy in 2010. Recently she submitted her Ph.D Thesis namely “Study of Phytochemicals and Anatomical Biomarkers of some Medicinal Plants Mentioned in Atharvaveda” under the guidance of Dr. Shubhangi N. Ingole in August 2014 and waited for the degree to be awarded. She worked as CHB (Clock Hour Basis) Lecturer and have 3 years of teaching experience. She also attended National and some International conferences and present a paper in the same. Dr. Shubhangi N. Ingole is working as Head, Department of Botany at Bar. R.D.I.K. and N.K.D. College, Badnera-Amravati (M.S.); Specialized area of research Angiosperm Taxonomy, Anatomy, Phytochemistry, Pharmacognosy and Floristic Studies, Grasses having experience of 25 years; She is recognized Ph.D. guide; She completed 2 Research Projects funded by U.G.C.; Published more than 25 Research Papers in reputed journals and 2 books; Presented about 50 papers in National and International Conferences of which some awarded as Best Papers; She was Member of Board of Studies in Botany of S.G.B. Amravati University since 2007-2012; She is working on several University Committees; She is a life member of more than 10 reputed National and International Associations; Successfully organized National Conference “Status of Biodiversity in India” in 2011; She established Botanical Society, Nature Club and Botany Research Cell; Conducts several innovative Co-curricular and Extension Activities for promotion of love for nature, environment conservation and promote botanical interest; She is active social worker; was NSS Programme Officer; won prizes in flower shows, essay competitions, etc; She is active writer and authored several diverse articles for Newspapers and Magazines. GCMS is normally used for direct analysis of component existing in traditional medicines and medicinal plants. A knowledge of the chemical constituents of plants is desirable not only for the discovery of therapeutic agents, but also because such information may be of great value in disclosing new sources of economic phytocompounds for the synthesis of complex chemical substances and for discovering the actual significance of folkloric remedies. Hence in the present study we selected a traditional medicinal plant Ficus bengalensis. Traditionally the bark is used in the treatment of diabetes, dysentery and diarrhea but scientific relevance behind this is still unknown. Thus further studies can be conducted to investigate the unexploited potential of Ficus bengalensis. Twelve compounds were identified and they were reported as dibutyl phthalate, Phthalic acid, 1,2- benzenedicarboxylic acid, Bis (2- methyl propyl) ester, butyl 2-pentyl ester, Diisooctyl phthalate, Squalene, Trans-Geranylgeraniol, á-Amyrin, á-Amyrin trimethylsilyl ether, Lup-20(29)-en-3-one and Lupeol. As Ficus bengalensis can grow and spread easily and because of its higher biomass availability, it can prove as an effective and cheaper drug for various human diseases. The fundamental reason of quality control of herbal medicines is based on the concept of phytoequivalence of herbs, and then to use this conception to identify the real herbal medicine and the false one and further to do quality control. Therefore, GCMS method is a direct and fast analytical approach for identification of phytoconstituents. The importance of the study is due to the biological activity of some of these compounds. The present study, which reveals the presence of components in Ficus bengalensis suggest that the contribution of these compounds on the pharmacological activity can be further evaluated. GCMS analysis of leaves of Ficus bengalensis will be helpful in standardization of the plant. Scientific relevance behind the medicinal properties of the plant will be known. Biological activity of the evaluated compounds will be known. Authors acknowledge the valuable help rendered by Scientist of Central Instrumentation Laboratory (CIL), Punjab University, Chandigarh for this analysis and validation of the results.

 

 

 

 

V.G. Charitha, V.C. Rayulu and P.M. Kondaiah receive Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Research Award-2015 in Parasitology


17 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

The Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Research Award-2015 in Parasitology goes to V.G. Charitha, V.C. Rayulu and P.M. Kondaiah from India. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious Journal of Parasitology. The present findings represent relatively higher soil contamination with different parasitic forms urban and rural communities of Andhra Pradesh, India imposing a significant threat to public health. Estimation of soil data enables us to focus on target populations who are at risk and to plan control strategies accordingly. Among soil parasites, zoonotic potential forms are of high public health concern as they mostly infect the young children who have greater access to soil. Educating children on hygienic habits, and creating public awareness regarding spread of zoonoses, implementation of fences to prevent pet/ stray animal access and avoiding defection in public places, may help to reduce the contamination of soil and thereby reduce the infections. Authors are thankful to Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India for providing the necessary facilities to carry out this work.

 

 

 

Hotels and tourism roars in Bangladeshi Biodiversity


17 March, 2015, Bangladesh, USA NEWS CORP

Rafiul Islam Tanziman Ara from Bangladesh published attractive Book on rich biodiversity of Bangladesh. The eBook was published by prestigious Photon eBooks. It gives momentum to Bangladeshi Hotel and Tourism industries. A large FDI is about to inflow in Bangladesh. Bangladesh, located in the humid tropical region is rich in species diversity and is unique in the diversity of genetic resources compared to its land area. Bangladesh is located between latitudes 20°34' to 26°38' north and longitudes 88°01' to 92°41' east. The country consists mostly of flood plains (80%) with some hilly areas (12%), with a sub-tropical monsoon climate. In winter, temperature ranges from a minimum of 70 to 13°C to a maximum of 230 to 32°C. In summer, the temperature varies from 36°C to 41°C. The mean annual rainfall ranges from 143 to 434 cm. The population stood at 131.6 million in 2001. Bangladesh has a total area of 14.39 million hectares, of which 9.12 million ha is cultivated, 2.14 million ha public forests, 0.27 million ha village groves, and 1.64 million ha constantly under water. The remaining land area (1.22 million hectares) is occupied by tea gardens, uncultivable areas, rural and urban houses and ponds. The area covered by government and village forests is about 16% of the total land area; however only 0.93 million ha (6.5%) is under tree cover, which is about 40% of the forests controlled by the government. The remaining 60% includes denuded lands (grassland, scrubland and encroached areas). About 24 000 ha of forest is lost annually as a result of homestead development, urbanization and deforestation. Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, vegetable greens, leafy greens or salad greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. Although they come from a very wide variety of plants, most share a great deal with other leaf vegetables in nutrition and cooking methods. Nearly one thousand species of plants with edible leaves are known. Leaf vegetables most often come from short-lived herbaceous plants such as lettuce and spinach. Woody plants whose leaves can be eaten as leaf vegetables include Adansonia, Aralia, Moringa, Morus, and Toona species. The leaves of many fodder crops are also edible by humans, but usually only eaten under famine conditions.

 

 

 

Pradheeps M., Chella Perumal A. and Poyyamoli G. receive International Ayurveda Research Award-2015 in Natural Medicine

05 March, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Much awaited award was announced this week. Finally India wins International Ayurveda Research Award-2015 in Natural Medicine. Thousands of nominations from several countries were received for international competition. The noble work is screened which distinguish from the rest, in different aspects of the Natural Medicine. The award is introduced to highlight excellent think tanks on global platform. The research findings were published on world’s prestigious The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine. Since this work involves collection of ethnobotanical knowledge base which is available only from few traditional healers, there is no possibility for increasing the number of people interviewed, in fact I have included all the available traditional healers from the selected villages. The data obtained from the census are cross referred with the data collected from traditional healers and confirmed. The declining trend in the tradition, by the modern facilities and exposure of the jobs outside the villages in the nearby town is the reason behind why the ethno botanical knowledge base is not common as reported by other workers. The study insists the need and importance of conservation of medicinal plants and ethnobotanical knowledge, since it is under great threats in the near future due to various factors ranges from absence of mother-child nexus to anthropogenic impacts in the study area. Hence by planning a proper set up of traditional school of ethnobotany along with herbal garden could conserve and document the remaining knowledge of traditional healers and ensure that the future generations will learn and keep the traditional heritage. We acknowledge Shri. Surendran and Shri Acchapan from Kunjome, Wayanad for assisting the fieldwork and the local people in the four villages for their co-operation extended during the survey are gratefully acknowledged. The authors are thankful to the Kerala Forest Department for permits and support for the field work and the infrastructural facilities provided by Pondicherry University are remembered with gratitude. The senior author is grateful to Pondicherry University for the research fellowship and the facilities provided by the Dept of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 

Samuel Afful*, Johannes A.M. Awudza, Shiloh Osae, Slyvester K. Twumasi and Andrews Affum receive Nelson Mandela Research Award-2015 in Chemical Science


25 February, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

 Samuel Afful*, Johannes A.M. Awudza, Shiloh Osae, Slyvester K. Twumasi and Andrews Affum receive Nelson Mandela Research Award-2015 in Chemical Science. Their research findings were published on world's prestigious most read journal: The Journal of Chemical Science. The occurrence, levels and sources of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and indicator polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Weija Lake are presented and levels revealed varying concentrations in the water and the sediments. Liquid-liquid extraction with hexane was used for the extraction of the compounds from the water samples while sediment samples were sonicated on ultrasonic bath with hexane/acetone (3:1) solvent system. The extracts were then cleaned up with florisil and quantified on a micro-capillary gas chromatography equipped with electron capture detector. In all, five indicator PCB congeners namely, PCB # 28, 52, 101, 138, 180 and fifteen OCPs, α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH, δ-HCH, γ-chlordane, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, α-endosulfan, β-HCH, endosulfan sulfate, p,p’-DDT, p,p’-DDE, p,p’-DDD, and methoxychlor were detected. However, the levels of α-HCH, β-HCH, aldrin, dieldrin, γ-chlordane and PCB #118, 153 were below detection limit in the water compartment. In sediments, the mean concentration ranged from 0.15 µgkg -1 dry weight (α-HCH) to 7.08 µgkg -1 dry weight (PCB 52). PCB 28 was detected with the highest concentration of 2.50 µgL -1 in water samples. Data analysis by one way anova indicated significant differences in the levels of most of the organochlorines sampled from the various locations. Generally, the mean levels of the organochlorines in the Weija water and sediments were below quality guideline values. The results, based on one year monitoring, therefore suggest that organochlorine compounds investigated in the present study may not pose health hazard in the waters from Weija Lake. Even though the use of GC-ECD for determination of organochlorine pollutants is well established, the absence of applying other alternative proven techniques for confirmation of OCs identified in the samples could be a limitation. It is author’s recommendation that GC-MS or GC-MS-MS could have served the purpose in confirming the presence of the detected OCs in the samples. This work was supported by National Nuclear Research Institute of Ghana Atomic Energy Commission. Authors express their gratitude to Mr. Paul Fosu of Ghana Standard Authority for the technical assistance and to the technical staff of organic laboratory of Nuclear Chemistry and Environmental Research Centre of Ghana Atomic Energy Commission. 






Himadri Kaushik, Pranab Dutta, and Jatin Kalitab* receive Stanford Research Award- 2015 in Integrated Pest Management


24 February, 2015, India, USA NEWS CORP

Himadri Kaushik, Pranab Dutta, and Jatin Kalitab* receive Stanford Research Award- 2015 in Integrated Pest Management. Erratic result of biological control agent is often associated with incomplete understanding of the ecological constraints of the biological system where they are placed. This truth is applicable for entomopathogenic fungi like Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana, Verticillium leccanii etc. Entomopathogenic fungi are inundatively introduced into the environment in absence of their host with a hope that they will persist and infect their target once the host immigrates into the treated area. Fungal persistence is important to consider for at least two reasons, first, it is desirable for the fungus to have a limited time span to minimize its possible harmful effects on non target species. On the other hand, the fungus should persist for as long as possible to reduce the need for continuous spraying. In an In vitro study we found M. anisopliae effective against Termite (Odontotermes obesus), Aphids (Aphis craccivora) at 1×106 spore /ml of water with a virulence of more than 78%. To study the persistence and viability of the fungus we applied M. anisopliae in an organic garden of Assam. Study showed the entomopathogen can survive in the air upto 12 months. This will definitely help in reducing the 




Vietnam seizes 7-8 tonnes endangered  dead sea turtles

22 December, 2014, Vietnam, USA NEWS CORP

Up to eight tonnes of dead endangered sea turtles have been seized in central Vietnam where over four tonnes of the same wildlife were confiscated a month ago.VnExpress News reported that a team of police and inspectors found 7-8 tonnes of dead sea turtles in four warehouses when they carried out a sudden inspection at the house of Vu Thi Hai Thanh in Nha Trang City – the capital of Khanh Hoa Province in the south-central region. The turtles are an endangered wildlife species that needs to be protected. World's top most journal, The Journal of Biodiversity expressed it's deep concerns over such repeated exploitation of endangered species. Two casks in which turtles were soaked in water mixed with chemicals were also found at the house, located in Phuoc Dong Commune. Thanh failed to show any documents related to the origin of the dead animals, just saying that they were owned by Hoang Tuan Hai, who lived in the same commune. The team question Hai and he was unable to present any certificate of business registration / documents to prove the origin of the dead turtles.  Hai replied that he had bought the endangered animals from local fishermen for VND200,000-800,000 (US$9.4-37.4) each.  10 days earlier, he asked Thanh, an acquaintance of his, to allow him to store the animals in her house and secured her agreement.  The team has transferred the dead turtles to the Nha Trang Institute of Oceanography for storage, verification and resolution in accordance with the law.  In November, the Nha Trang environmental police also discovered 4.4 tonnes of the same dead sea turtles in the ....







Baby bear attacked but saved ultimately in cruel nature 
: Click to See video
This is amazing. It was so terrified because No one didn't want to see the baby bear get hurt. Then momma bear came out and showed who's boss. Love it. That's how the mom in all of us is. Not only is this a beautiful story, but almost magical how the camera crew were able to capture it with such beautiful shots/angles. That is the importance of having parents. This is footage from the film "The Bear"....






Landslide in central Indonesia kills 8 and left at least 100 missing 

13 December, 2014, Indonesia, USA NEWS CORP
'It has been raining non-stop for two days, and that is the reason this huge chunk of mountain came down - a whole village has been wiped away,' a local reporter said. Heavy rains in recent days triggered a rush of mud, rocks and trees from the mountains overlooking Java's Banjarnegra District on Friday evening. The landslide buried at least 105 houses in and near Sampang village. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the spokesman for Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency, said on Saturday that more than 100 houses had been buried in the large landslide that took place in a hilly district in the province of Central Java. In recent years, floods and landslides have repeatedly battered Indonesia, which is a chain of 17,000 islands where millions of people live in mountainous areas or near fertile flood plains. During Indonesia’s annual rainy season, which peaks between December and February, the country is prone to flooding, exacerbated by clogged rivers and sewers. Satellite data appears to show parts of central Java have received about 200 millimeters (7.9 inches) of rain so far this month.....








Geoinformatic technique GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS contribute exclusive support to Natural Disaster Management
27 November, 2014, Nagaland, India, USA NEWS CORP

Krishnaiah Y.V., Assistant Professor and Bora R., Research Scholar at Department of Geography, Nagaland University (Central), Lumami-798627, Nagaland, India reported breakthrough concepts on Natural Disaster Management by using Geoinformatic technique GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS. Their research is recently published on prestigious Photon JournalThe Journal of Geography and Geology. Rana Bora and Krishnaiah, Y. V. have received International Geography Award-2014 for their research on Kakodonga river basin. The Kakodonga river basin study area is 1112.57 km2 ..... 










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