Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. mark the start of new Era in Toxicology and Health with Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Toxicology and Health
02 April, 2015, Nigeria, USA NEWS CORP
Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. are one of Toxicology and Health's leading celebrity, known for leadership skills and breakthrough research potential. Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. starred in Toxicology and Health. Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. made International news headlines while IASR announced them among World’s 500 Most Influential Toxicologist for Year 2015 on Earth. Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. earned Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Toxicology and Health. B. E. Edogbo. did her undergraduate in Biochemistry inUniversity of Jos and her Masters in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine inAhmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. Her undergraduate project was “Comparative study on the Antilipidemic property of Telferiaoccidentalis and Cymbopogon citrates in Rats.” She has done seminar presentations and autoimmune disease and its biochemical perspective was one of them. Dr. E.C Okolocha did his undergraduate in University of Nigeria, Nsukka and his Masters in Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. His Ph.Dwas in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. He is currently a senior lecturer who is due for assessment for promotion to Associate Professor. He is actively involved in both undergraduate and postgraduate project, theses and dissertation supervision. He has over 35 publications in peer-reviewed local and international journals, and in conference proceedings. Dr. B.V. Maikai did both her undergraduate and graduate degrees in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Her molecular epidemiology training was in Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, where she characterized Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Enterocytozoon in humans and cattle. She is currently a senior lecturer who specializes in molecular epidemiology of parasites. Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. from Nigeria made a historical victory over the international competition and won Max Planck Research Award-2015 in Toxicology and Health. Their research was highlighted in international media and gathered a large worldwide attention in scientific circles while it appeared in world's most read journal 'The Journal of Toxicology and Health'. In their report on Levels of cadmium in kidney and liver of cattle slaughtered in Kaduna and Zaria Abattoirs, Kaduna State, Nigeria they mention that Environmental pollution with heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd) is a serious problem since the metal cannot be degraded and stay permanently in the environment. This study was carried out to evaluate the levels of cadmium in kidney and liver of cattle slaughtered in Kaduna and Zaria abattoirs in Kaduna State, Nigeria and compare with the acceptable limits. A total of 150 kidney and liver samples were collected, 50 kidney and liver samples each from Zango abattoir in Zaria, Tudun Wada and Kawo abattoirs in Kaduna and analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results show that cadmium levels in cattle kidney and liver were high ranging from 3.00 to 22.77 mg/kg and 3.50 to 120.8 mg/kg respectively. Female cattle showed higher cadmium levels in the kidney than the male kidney. Cadmium levels in the kidney were higher than the liver of cattle sampled and were above the permissible levels of 1mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg in kidney and liver respectively. This may be attributed to the pasture on which these animals grazed, the source of water and the age of animals from which these samples were obtained. Consumption of meat or animals exposed to high cadmium by human may cause renal and liver damage. Under their leadership the research area is surely likely to expand beyond the horizons. It will be worthy to explore the further potential under their legacy. Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. as valuable intellectuals for the Nigeria offer exclusive opportunities for scholars around the world. One of the most attractive weightage for Nigeria is to have the awardees for promotion of the concerned scientific discipline for the benefit of its civilians. Thus Nigeria which has excellent track record to produce brain storming intellectuals, has offered a new extension in terms of Edogbo B.E., Okolocha E.C. and Maikai B.V. to world. This study contributes to the inventory of cadmium concentrations in domestic animal tissues, and more specifically – to the data on actual levels of this element in cattle slaughtered at these abattoirs. The results show that cadmium levels in the kidney and liver of cattle sampled were far above the permissible limits of 1 and 0.5mg/kg in kidney and liver respectively as recommended by FAO/WHO 2000 and also reflect the different cadmium levels in the kidney and liver samples of slaughtered cattle at the abattoirs. The reason for this high cadmium levels may be attributed to the pasture on which these animals graze, the source of water from which these animals drank and the age of animals from which these samples were obtained. Consumption of cadmium contaminated meat or animals exposed to high cadmium by human may result in the following conditions; renal and liver damage. There were high levels of cadmium in the kidney and liver of cattle slaughtered in Kaduna and Zaria abattoirs. These cadmium levels were far above the permissible levels of 1 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg respectively as recommended by FAO/WHO 2000. Cadmium levels were higher in the kidney and liver of female cattle than in kidney and liver of male cattle. The limitations are/were: Sampling season; samples were collected during the dry season which may have contributed to the high cadmium levels in the results obtained and based on other reports that cadmium is higher in the dry season than the wet season; it may have affected the results. Preservation and transportation of the samples in the course of the research may have been contaminated at one point or the other although high level of hygiene was maintained. There was no consideration to state of the animals before slaughter. Although some of the animals brought to the abattoirs were very weak, sick and dead. This would have been noted, for the purpose of comparison between the weak and healthy animals. Financial constraints; other edible parts of cattle would have been sampled but was restricted because of financial constraints. For these reasons, these findings cannot be generalized to the broader community based on this study alone. Further investigations should be carried out to include more epidemiological data like the sources of animals, feed, water and management practices to be able to study the risk factors associated with cadmium accumulation in these animals. Further investigations should also be carried out to establish the level of cadmium on other edible parts of cattle. Other abattoirs within the country should also be investigated for cadmium levels in the animals slaughtered there. The general public should also be educated on the dangers of consuming cadmium contaminated meat and meat products. Government / private/ public should fund more researches and create more awareness by giving more grants to researchers. This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. All authors have equally contributed for the success of this work. They wish to thank Mr Jatau, Bashir and Suleiman for their assistance in the laboratory and Dr. Chidi for his statistical assistance. You can share this News URL on Facebook or your Social Media Site/ blog. USA NEW SCORP If you have a news you can Submit your News in Comment box> Join us as Journalist > News Content purchase > Corrections > Copyright > Place a Classified Ad > Sell Your Home > Sell Your Business > Commercial Real Estate Ads > Advertise with us > Recruitment & Career Ads > Franchising > Advertise Locally > Contact us > email@example.com
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